Abstract

In this work, we present two case studies on the utilization of advanced nanoprobing on 20nm logic devices at contact layer to identify the root cause of scan logic failures. In both cases, conventional failure analysis followed by inspection of passive voltage contrast (PVC) failed to identify any abnormality in the devices. Technology advancement makes identifying failure mechanisms increasingly more challenging using conventional methods of physical failure analysis (PFA). Almost all PFA cases for 20nm technology node devices and beyond require Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) analysis. Before TEM analysis can be performed, fault isolation is required to correctly determine the precise failing location. Isolated transistor probing was performed on the suspected logic NMOS and PMOS transistors to identify the failing transistors for TEM analysis. In this paper, nanoprobing was used to isolate the failing transistor of a logic cell. Nanoprobing revealed anomalies between the drain and bulk junction which was found to be due to contact gouging of different severities.

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