With further technology scaling, it becomes increasingly challenging for conventional methods of failure analysis (FA) to identify the cause of a failure. In this work, we present three case studies on the utilization of advanced nanoprobing for SRAM circuit analysis and fault identification on 20 nm technology node SRAM single bit devices. In the first 2 case studies, conventional failure analysis by passive voltage contrast (PVC) failed to identify any abnormality in the known failed bit. In the third case study, an abnormally bright PVC was observed by PVC inspection. In all three case studies, static noise margin of the SRAM bits during hold and read operations were performed to understand the circuit behavior of the failed bit cell. Next, nanoprobing on the individual transistors were performed to determine the failing transistor within the bit and the possible cause of the failure. TEM analysis was performed to identify and verify the failure mechanism.

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