The Laser Voltage Imaging (LVI) technique [1], introduced in 2009, appears as a very promising approach for Failure Analysis application which allows mapping frequencies through the backside of integrated circuits. In this paper, we propose a new range of application based on the study of the LVI second harmonic for signal degradation analysis. After a theoretical study of the impact of signal degradation on the second harmonic, we will demonstrate the interest of this new approach on two case studies on ultimate technology (28nm). This technique is a new approach of failure analysis that maps timing degradation and duty cycle degradation. In order to confirm the degradations we will use the LVP Technique. The last part is two real case studies on which this LVI second harmonic technique was used to find the root cause of a 28nm process issue.

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