HEMT (High Electron Mobility Transistor) are playing a key role for power and RF low noise applications. They are crucial components for the development of base stations in the telecommunications networks and for civil, defense and space radar applications. As well as the improvement of the MMIC performances, the localization of the defects and the failure analysis of these devices are very challenging. To face these challenges, we have developed a complete approach, without degrading the component, based on front side failure analysis by standard (Visible-NIR) and Infrared (range of wavelength: 3-5 µm) electroluminescence techniques. Its complementarities and efficiency have been demonstrated through two case studies.