The importance of understanding mismatched behavior in SRAM devices has increased as the technology node has shrunk below 100nm. Using the nanoprobe technique [1-3], the MOS characteristics of failure bits in actual SRAM cells have been directly measured. After transistors that are failing were identified, the best approach for identifying nanoscale defects was determined. In this study, several types of nanoscale defects, such as offset spacer residue, salicide missing from the active area, doping missing from the channel, gate oxide defects, contact barrier layer residue, and severed poly-gate silicide were successfully discovered.

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