Doping profile measurements in extremely small features like transistor gates or source/drain regions is a challenging task for the semiconductor industry. In our article, we successfully used an atom probe tomography (APT) tool to measure the doping concentration and profile of the dopant elements in a commercial 65 nm product. APT not only delivers doping concentrations but also gives the highest spatial resolution (sub-1 nm) three-dimensional compositional information of any microscopy technique.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.