Comprehensive in situ (designed-in) diagnostic capabilities have been incorporated into digital microelectronic systems for years, yet similar capabilities are not commonly incorporated into the design of analog microelectronics. And as feature sizes shrink and back end interconnect metallization becomes more complex, the need for effective diagnostics for analog circuits becomes ever more critical. This paper presents concepts for incorporating in situ diagnostic capability into analog circuit designs. Aspects of analog diagnostic system architecture are discussed as well as nodal measurement scenarios for common signal types. As microelectronic feature sizes continue to shrink, diagnostic capabilities such as those presented here will become essential to the process of fault localization in analog circuits.

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