Abstract

Focused ion beam (FIB) is a popular tool for physical failure analysis (FA), especially for circuit repair. FIB is especially useful on advanced technology where the FIB is used to modify the circuit for new layout verification or electrical measurement. The samples are prepared till inter-metal dielectric (IMD), then a hole is dug or a metal is deposited or oxide is deposited by FIB. A common assumption is made that metal under oxide can not be seen by FIB. But a metal ion image is desired for further action. Dual beam, FIB and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), tools have a special advantage. When switching back and forth from SEM to FIB the observation has been made that the metal lines can be imaged. The details of this technique will be discussed below.

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