Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy (C-AFM) is a useful tool for both electrical failure analysis (EFA) and physical failure analysis (PFA). In this paper, the root cause of a physical failure in an analysis image was verified from the evidence of two-dimensional AFM profile depth measurement. The other analysis technique, which is electrical parameter extraction by contacting I-V spectroscopy measurement, was also utilized to locate the possible defects. As a result, the failure mechanism was illustrated with an AFM topography image, which showed the silicon surface profile after removal of cobalt salicide (self-alignment silicide) by dilute HF. The vertical junction leakage path was identified with a C-AFM image.

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