Abstract

The passive voltage contrast (PVC) in this experiment was widely used to detect open/short issues for most failure analyses. However, most of back-end particles were visible, but front-end particles were not. And sometimes only used PVC image, the failure mechanism was un-imaginable. As a result, we needed to collect some electrical data to explain complex PVC image, before physical failure analysis (PFA) was started. This paper shows how to use the scanning probe microscope (SPM) tool to make up PVC method and overcome the physical failure analysis challenge. From our experiment, the C-AFM could provide more information of the defect type and give faster feedback to production lines.

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