The failure analyst is often times challenged with the analysis of devices that fail due to speed degradation. These are units that pass the entire standard test program as long as the speed at which the device is tested is kept below a certain level. Many times, these units are binned and sold to customers at reduced prices. The unresolved rate for these types of failures is often sporadic and at times there isn’t any defect that is physically observable or detectable with global EFA (electrical failure analysis) techniques. These devices are usually from an advanced process where a shift in performance such as current, voltage, and speed (frequency) is common.

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