Quiescent Signal Analysis (QSA) is a novel electrical-test-based diagnostic technique that uses IDDQ measurements made at multiple chip supply pads as a means of locating shorting defects in the layout. The use of multiple supply pads reduces the adverse effects of leakage current by scaling the total leakage current over multiple measurements. In previous work, a resistance model for QSA was developed and demonstrated on a small circuit. In this paper, the weaknesses of the original QSA model are identified, in the context of a production power grid (PPG) and probe card model, and a new model is described. The new QSA algorithm is developed from the analysis of IDDQ contour plots. A “family” of hyperbola curves is shown to be a good fit to the contour curves. The parameters to the hyperbola equations are derived with the help of inserted calibration transistors. Simulation experiments are used to demonstrate the prediction accuracy of the method on a PPG.

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