Infrared Micro Thermography can be applied as electrical fault identification in situations where photon emission is ineffective. Defects, such as certain types of stringers and particles, may conduct without emitting photons in the visible range. Arrayed infrared sensors such as an InSb 512x512 detector, coupled with the appropriate infrared optics can image the heat generated from the leakage site. Heating on the order of a fraction of a degree Kelvin can be observed. The heat signature can be superimposed on a normal optical image of the chip. Several practical examples using this fault identification technique are described.

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