Focused ion beam system has been widely used as a critical failure analysis tool as microprocessor technology advances at a ramping speed. It has become an essential step in failure analysis to reveal physical defects post electrical fault isolation. In this highly competitive and challenging environment prevalent today, failure analysis throughput time is of utmost important. Therefore quick, efficient and reliable physical failure analysis technique is needed to avoid potential issues from becoming bigger. This paper will discuss the applications of FIB as a defect localization and root cause determination tool through the passive charge contrast technique and pattern FIB analysis.