With the increasing complexity of packaging technology, especially Flip-chip, package failure analysts face challenges to identify failure root cause. Due to the complex construction of Flip-chip packages, the conventional failure analysis process flow needs to be enhanced. Thus, generating a bench marked failure analysis process flow specifically for Flip-chip packaged devices becomes necessary. In this paper, the failure analysis process flow for Flip-chip package devices along with different failure mechanisms will be discussed and demonstrated. For instance, even in a simple continuity-open failure, instead of cross-sectioning the device as the initial fault identification step, the process flow details how to start from non-destructive C-SAM, TDR, to destructive die removal, polishing and finally cross-sectioning.

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