There is considerable interest in nitriding austenitic stainless steels under conditions where nitrogen is primarily in solid solution. Supersaturation with nitrogen significantly increases hardness and induces high residual compressive stresses. This paper explores the relationship between nitrogen content, layer morphology, and properties. It examines Nitrex’s Nano-S nitriding processes performed at various times to achieve different nitrogen levels in austenitic AISI 304 stainless steel. The research also includes 410 grade martensitic stainless steel and 17-4 precipitation-hardened steel, with results yet to be determined. Based on these results, optimal nitriding conditions to achieve the desired properties will be recommended.

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