The objective of this work is to develop the material and numerical models needed to simulate the carburizing process of an automotive gear. The paper discusses the factors that influence calculation time and accuracy and presents important equations and material property data. It describes how the simulation predicts local carbon content based on diffusion and how quenching computation provides information on stress states and residual stresses. It also explains how to account for the effects of grain growth, volume variation due to phase changes, and transformation plasticity.

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