This paper examines the latest developments in energy management in heat treatment with a specific focus on electrical heating and tighter integration between the power supply and furnace control to maximize energy efficiency. It also discusses the use of IGBT (insulated-gate bipolar transistor) and SCR (silicon-controlled rectifier) based power supplies as energy-efficient alternatives to variable reactance transformers (VRTs) for powering electric vacuum furnaces.

This content is only available as a PDF.