Modeling of as-tempered hardness in steel is essential to understanding final properties of heat-treated components. Most of the tempering mathematical models derive a tempering parameter using Hollomon-Jaffe formulation. Some recent models incorporate chemical composition into the general Hollomon-Jaffe relationship. This paper compares model predictions with a substantial set of actual tempered Jominy End Quench bars and the hardness data from them. Improvements to the models and direction for future work are discussed.

This content is only available as a PDF.