This paper presents the preliminary results of experiments designed to mimic typical machining and thermal processing practices for aerospace titanium alloys. The most significant finding is that multiple side mill passes result in lower magnitude compressive stresses than a single side pass, which suggests that successive interactions with the milling tool serves to relieve residual stresses at the surface. The most likely mechanism for this is that Ti exhibits significant springback during machining, and multiple tool passes essentially remove the “springback” layer. Each successive removal of material allows stress relaxation in the remaining surface layer. By contrast, with only a single pass, surface residual stresses did not sufficiently relax.

This content is only available as a PDF.