In this work, the authors employ computer modeling to investigate a quenching process recently demonstrated at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. A matrix of models was run to assess the effects of heat transfer and phase transformation kinetics on residual stress and microstructure in a relatively thick walled tube. The experiments at Karlsruhe were conducted using a high pressure water quench to produce martensite and residual compressive stress in the bore of a 4140 steel tube. Results show that the timing and rate of martensite formation and bainite kinetics have a significant effect on both the in-process and residual stress state.

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