In various studies, heat transfer coefficients (HTCs) have been used to characterize the relative ability of a quenching medium to harden steel. In this current work, HTCs are determined for a series of vegetable oils using a stochastic (particle swarm) optimization technique and cooling curves produced via Tensi probe measurements. The vegetable oils investigated include canola, coconut, corn, cottonseed, palm, peanut, soybean, and sunflower oil, and their quenching performance is compared with that of a typical petroleum oil quenchant.

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