This paper presents a computational approach for assessing the potential for distortion when using high pressure gas to quench steel parts. It explains how to account for component geometry, heat transfer coefficient, gas temperature and velocity, heating and cooling rates, and phase transformations. The authors employ finite element modeling methods to determine local phase fraction and displacement in a Ferrium C64 disk for different quench pressures. Simulations at timed intervals show how distortion and phase fraction progress in different areas of the disk and along the edges of an off-center bore. The causes of distortion are examined and explained using the model, with insights into why the cooling rate has a nonlinear relation with distortion.

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