A number of modifications were made to a batch quenching process for pinion gears to reduce the amount of size change in the ID. This paper assesses the impact of adding vertical plates to the load elevator to better condition oil flow to the stacked part baskets. Data collected from pinion gears before and after the modification show a reduction in the average and range of ID bore change, indicating an improvement in quench uniformity. CFD analyses suggest that improvement is due to a significant reduction in turbulence, resulting from the addition of the vertical plates. As the authors explain, high levels of turbulence promote collapse of the vapor film that occurs at the start of the quench process, and disparity in the timing causes unwanted variation in part size change throughout the load.

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