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zirconium

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... molds, namely, ceramic shells and rammed graphite, for casting reactive metals such as titanium or zirconium. ceramic shells coremaking green sand operations titanium zirconium clay resin-bonded sand systems no-bake binder systems heat-cured binder systems cold box binder systems rammed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article provides a description of the classification, industrial applications, microstructures, physical, chemical, corrosion, and mechanical properties of zirconium and its alloys. It discusses the formation of oxide films and the effects of water, temperature, and pH on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... homogeneous effective medium (HEM). The article analyzes the anisotropy predictions of rolled face-centered-cubic and body centered-cubic sheets and presents simulations of the axial deformation of hexagonal-close-packed zirconium. The applications of polycrystal constitutive models to the simulation of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the general characteristics, primary and secondary fabrication methods, product forms, and corrosion resistance of zirconium and hafnium. It describes the physical metallurgy of zirconium and its alloys, providing details on allotropic transformation and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Zirconium and hafnium surfaces require cleaning and finishing prior to many processes including joining, heat treating, plating, forming, and final surface finishing. This article provides information on surface treatment processes, surface soil removal, blast cleaning, chemical...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article describes typical foundry practices used to commercially produce zirconium castings. The foundry practices are divided into two sections, namely, melting and casting. The article discusses various melting processes, such as vacuum arc skull melting, induction skull melting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... alloys, type metals, copper alloys, dental alloys, cast irons, titanium alloys, and zirconium alloys. Finally, it presents a short note on the applications of tin powder and corrosion resistance of tin. applications of tin powder corrosion resistance electroplating hot dip coatings production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... hafnium-zirconium alloys and hafnium-tantalum alloys. It also deals with the applications of hafnium and its alloys in the nuclear and chemical industries. aqueous corrosion testing chemical properties corrosion corrosion resistance crevice corrosion galvanic corrosion hafnium hafnium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., zirconium, chromium, vanadium, scandium, nickel, tin, and bismuth. The article discusses the secondary phases in aluminum alloys, namely, nonmetallic inclusions, porosity, primary particles, constituent particles, dispersoids, precipitates, grain and dislocation structure, and crystallographic texture. It...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses surface engineering of nonferrous metals including aluminum and aluminum alloys, copper and copper alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel and nickel alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, zirconium and hafnium, zinc alloys, and refractory metals and alloys. It describes...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-purity, registered ASTM E—Rare earth E—High corrosion resistant, registered ASTM F—Iron X1—Not registered with ASTM G—Magnesium H—Thorium J—Strontium K—Zirconium L—Lithium M—Manganese N—Nickel P—Lead Q—Silver R—Chromium S—Silicon T—Tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... were produced from two or more transition metals, for example, copper-zirconium and nickel-niobium, or from a combination of metals and metalloids, such as iron, nickel, and chromium containing boron, phosphorus, silicon, or carbon. A key aspect of metallic glasses is the critical temperature for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... about 200 °C (400 °F). Adding small amounts of elements such as silver, cadmium, iron, cobalt, and zirconium to deoxidized copper imparts resistance to softening at the times and temperatures encountered in soldering operations, such as those used to join components of automobile and truck radiators...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... magnesium alloys are, in fact, aluminum (A) and zinc (Z), which represent two of the most potent solid-solution and precipitate strengtheners. In addition, zirconium (K) represents a potent grain refiner/strengthener. Alloys generally possess either zirconium or aluminum, since formation of aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... important zirconium and titanium systems, as well as in brasses, Hadfield steels, zinc, and magnesium. More recently, this has become of importance in examining twinning-induced plasticity steels. However, twinning is difficult to model because: The factors controlling the stress state that induces...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... noble metals such as platinum, palladium, and rhodium. The second includes nickel, molybdenum, and tungsten. The third group includes zirconium, tantalum, chromium, and possibly molybdenum. Considerable work has been done on the use of noble metals as alloying additions in titanium. An outgrowth of this...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... properties that can be classified as alpha (α) alloys, beta (β) alloys, or alpha-beta (α + β) alloys. Titanium also is part of a family of metals known as the reactive metals. All of these reactive metals, notably titanium, zirconium, niobium, and tantalum, benefit from highly protective oxide films. As a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... a function of reduction in thickness for pure copper and two copper-zinc solid-solution alloys cold rolled at 20 °C (70 °F). (b) Tensile strength versus reduction during rolling for cadmium-copper (C14300), zirconium-copper (C15100), and tough pitch copper (C11000). Source: Ref 6 Fig. 7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... (chromium, tungsten, tantalum, titanium, and zirconium) and by higher carbon contents. The solid-solution alloying decreases stacking-fault energy, thereby making the cross slip and climb of glide dislocations more difficult. Carbide precipitation (especially M 23 C 6 carbides) also can be quite effective...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... electrode preparation; melting dangerous Good refining; economical feedstock preparation and ingot production; most often used High melting costs Zirconium, titanium … Not used Very low contamination; wide range of alloying possible; large ingots low energy consumption; economical melting Limited...