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zircaloy alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... alloy variation Note: Use fairly large swabs with all etching procedures. (a) Dispose after using because the etchant may become unstable with time and a chemical reaction may occur. Fig. 1 Zircaloy 4 as-cast ingot. (a) Outside edge. (b) Center section. As-attack polished, heat tinted...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and tensile properties for nuclear and nonnuclear grades of zirconium are also provided. Selected References Selected References • The Development of the Zircaloys in Corrosion of Zirconium Alloys , STP 368, ASTM , 1964 • Industrial Applications of Titanium and Zirconium , STP 728, ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... been studied, and two major families remain: the Zircaloys, that is, Zr-Sn-O (+Fe, Cr, Ni) alloys, and the Zr-Nb-O alloys (with 1 and 2.5 wt% Nb). Advanced ternary and quaternary alloys are currently under development for higher-performance industrial alloys. Characteristics of water reactor fuel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., and considerable effort was devoted to its elimination. But when oxygen levels were finally reduced below 1000 ppm, it was found that required strength levels in Zircaloy could no longer be met. The status of oxygen then changed to one of a controlled solid-solution alloying agent. Early methods for determining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., Zircaloys, and hafnium is composed of 25 to 50% nitric acid, 70 vol%; 2 to 5% hydrofluoric acid, 49 vol%; and the remainder water. The acid bath for zirconium-niobium alloys consists of 28 to 32% sulfuric acid, specific gravity 1.84; 28 to 32% nitric acid; 5 to 10% hydrofluoric acid; and the remainder water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...Nuclear and nonnuclear grades of zirconium alloys Table 1 Nuclear and nonnuclear grades of zirconium alloys Alloy design UNS No. Composition, wt% Zr+Hf (a) Hf (b) Sn Nb Fe Cr Ni Fe+Cr Fe+Cr+Ni O (b) Nuclear grades Zircaloy-2 R60802 … 0.01 1.20–1.70 … 0.07...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... alloys, as specified in ASTM B 550, are given in Table 1 . For reactor grades, the hafnium content is reduced to a minimum and other impurities are closely controlled. Chemical compositions of the most common grades of nuclear-grade Zircaloys, as specified in ASTM B 351, are given in Table 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... 30 , 1994 , p 465 – 469 10.1007/BF00558840 40. Grubb W.T. , Cadmium Metal Embrittlement of Zircaloy-2 , Nature , Vol 265 , 1977 , p 36 – 37 41. Regan T.M. and Stoloff N.S. , Mercury Embrittlement of Cu-Al Alloys Under Cyclic Loading , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... in this Section. Although SMIE of metals has not been mentioned or recognized as an embrittlement phenomenon in industrial processes, many instances of loss in ductility, strength, and brittle fracture of metals and alloys have been reported for electroplated metals and coatings or inclusions of low-melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Corrosion of hafnium in high-temperature water Material Weight gain, mg/dm 2 28 days 56 days Zircaloy (a) 20–22 25–28 Hafnium 3–6 5–7 (b) (a) Nuclear grade of zirconium containing iron, chromium, nickel, and tin as important alloy additions. (b) Estimated range; test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... precipitate after proton irradiation at 2 MeV, 310 °C (590 °F), to 5 dpa and EDS spectra for the region just outside of the precipitate, showing the concentration of iron in the matrix adjacent to the precipitate. Source: Ref 181 Fig. 38 The role of precipitates in oxidation of Zircaloy-4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... to Zirconium Alloys , Acta Metall. Mater. , Vol 41 ( No. 9 ), 1993 , p 2611 – 2624 8. Turner P.A. and Tomé C.N. , A Study of Residual Stresses in Zircaloy-2 with Rod Texture , Acta Metall. Mater. , Vol 42 ( No. 12 ), 1994 , p 4143 – 4153 9. Holden T.M. , Holt R.A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Mid-1970s PWSCC of PWR alloy 600 steam generator tubing Mid-1970s Pellet-cladding interaction failures of BWR zircaloy fuel cladding Mid-1970s IGSCC of BWR welded small-diameter type 304 piping Mid-1970s IGSCC of BWR large-diameter type 304 piping Late 1970s IGSCC of BWR alloy X-750...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... 45 mL glycerol 8–10 mL HF Use under hood. Swab (preferred) or dip sample. A few seconds after contact, NO 2 is given off (do not inhale)—polishing has started. Continue 5–10 s Zirconium, Zr-2 1 2 %Nb alloy, Zircaloy-2, Zircaloy-4, Hafnium 45 mL NHO 3 45 mL water 8–10 mL HF Use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... after contact, NO 2 is given off (do not inhale)—polishing has started. Continue 5–10 s. Cain Zirconium, Zr-2 1 2 % Nb alloy, Zircaloy-2, Zircaloy-4, and hafnium 45 mL NHO 3 45 mL H 2 O 8–10 mL HF Use as above. Cain Zirconium and hafnium 45 mL H 2 O 2 (30%) 45 mL HNO 3 8–10 mL HF...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... , Woodward J.R. , and Grant L.A. , Beryllium Brazing Technology , SAE Trans. , Vol 76 , Sect. 24, SAE reprint 670805, reprinted 1985 • Donovan A.H. , “Braze Alloy Development for Zircaloy,” Report WHC-SA-0317-FP, Westinghouse Hanford Company , May 1988 • Freedman A.H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... ± 200 Ti-6Al-4V 1.02 0.040 10005 ± 800 2260 ± 180 Zircaloy-2 … 0.51 0.020 2760 ± 90 620 ± 20 Nickel alloy J-1500 0.33 0.013 3690 ± 735 830 ± 30 Inconel 0.25 0.010 755 ± 310 170 ± 70 0.51 0.020 980 ± 445 220 ± 100 Inconel X 0.81 0.032 6760 ± 445 1520 ± 100 K...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... 7075-T6 53 32 2024-T4 52 30 Magnesium 46 37 70-30 brass 62 28 Phosphor bronzes 160 11 Monel 482 3.6 Zirconium 500 3.4 Zircaloy-2 720 2.4 Titanium 548 3.1 Ti-6A1-4V alloy 1720 1.0 Type 304 stainless steel 700 2.5 Inconel 600 980 1.7 Hastelloy X...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...), (b) F2, (c) F3, and (d) F4 (high contrast). 500× Fig. 58 Low-contrast microstructure (tempered martensite in a medium-carbon alloy steel) photographed with a medium-contrast film (Tri-X Ortho) and printed with paper grades: (a) F1 (low contrast), (b) F2, (c) F3, and (d) F4 (high contrast...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Aluminum alloys      6061-T6 41 42  7075-T6 53 32  2024-T4 52 30 Magnesium 46 37 70-30 brass 62 28 Phosphor bronzes 160 11 Monel 482 3.6 Zirconium 500 3.4 Zircaloy-2 720 2.4 Titanium 548 3.1 Ti-6Al-4V alloy 1720 1.0 Type 304 stainless steel 700...