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wrought tool steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Abstract Tool steels are any steel used to make tools for cutting, forming, or shaping manufactured parts. Most tool steels are wrought products alloyed with relatively large amounts of tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, manganese, and/or chromium. The article describes a wide variety of tool...
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 13 Extruded T15 tool steel. (a) Wrought. (b) PM. Notice the bands of carbides in the wrought tool steel compared with the uniform dispersion of fine carbides in the PM tool steel. Source: Ref 16 More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the characteristics, composition limits, and classification of wrought tool steels, namely high-speed steels, hot-work steels, cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, low-alloy special-purpose steels, mold steels, water-hardening steels, powder metallurgy tool...
Image
Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 16 Microstructures of T15 tool steel. (a) Wrought. (b) Powder metallurgy processed. Source: Ref 5 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 10 Comparison of hot hardness for cast and wrought H13 tool steel. Source: Latrobe Steel Company More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... on heavier depths of cut. Face milling, free-machining low carbon steels, wrought Table 2 Face milling, free-machining low carbon steels, wrought Material Hardness, HB Condition Depth of cut (a) , in. High-speed steel tool Carbide tool Uncoated Coated Speed, fpm Feed per tooth...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... carbon 179 140 450 483 70  ASTM 60003 Spheroidite Temper carbon 230 85 280 552 80  ASTM 80002 Spheroidite Temper carbon 250 80 260 690 100 (a) Cutting speed for 30 min tool life with C-2 carbide Steels MICROSTRUCTURES typical of wrought steels are illustrated...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... M4, M7, M30, M33, M34, M35, M36, M41, M42, M43, M44, T5, and T8. (i) Includes also M3 (class 2) and T9. Source: Metcut Research Associates Inc. Nominal speeds and feeds for the broaching of wrought tool steels with high-speed tool steels Table 8 Nominal speeds and feeds...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002182
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract Wrought powder metallurgy (P/M) high-speed tool steels exhibit better machinability, dimensional control and safety in heat treatment, grindability, and edge toughness during cutting. This article discusses the two stages of machining of P/M tool steels: rough machining, in annealed...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... and box tools Table 1 Turning wrought, cast, and powder metallurgy (P/M) refractory metals or alloys with single-point and box tools Material Hardness, HB Condition Depth of cut (a) , mm (in.) High-speed steel (HSS) tool Uncoated brazed carbide tool Speed, m/min (sfm) Feed, mm/rev...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... PM tool steels. These materials have better properties than similar wrought tool steels because they contain a finer and more uniform dispersion of carbides compared with the wrought tool steels. In the latter, the carbides are often banded and in the form of stringers due to the rolling process used...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... as peripheral mills, face mills, end mills, and special mills. Cutters can be of the solid, tipped, or inserted tooth types and have the same materials as single-point tools. Large cutters commonly have teeth of expensive material that are inserted and locked in place in a soft steel or cast iron body...
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 1 Comparison of conventionally (wrought) processed high-speed tool and P/M processed ASP high-speed tool steel More
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 6 Tool geometry for face mill Material Hardness, HB High-speed steel Indexable carbide Brazed carbide Corner angle, degrees End cutting edge angle, degrees Axial relief angle, degrees Radial relief angle, degrees Axial rake angle, degrees Radial rake angle More
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 14 A large cylindrical capsule filled with gas-atomized tool steel powder is placed into a load can containing three identical capsules for HIP processing. A typical HIP cycle for tool steels is to hold at 1100 °C (2050 °F) for 4 h at 105 MPa (15 ksi), during which time the powder More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... processing presintered components. With correct choice of machining agent, cutting conditions, and cutting tools, it is possible to produce PM steels with machinability equivalent to that of wrought steels; however, the optimization required can be time consuming. Where machinability is critical...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...-Speed Tool Steels” in this Volume; “Wrought Tool Steels” and “Powder Metallurgy Tool Steels” in Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Volume 1; and “Particle Metallurgy Tool Steels” in Powder Metal Technologies and Applications , Volume 7 of the ASM Handbook...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., and several finishing treatments have been developed ( Ref 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 ). These developments have shown that PM parts can match properties of wrought metal parts under specific loading conditions ( Ref 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 ). Historically, high quality wrought steel alloys have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., precleaning is more critical than with wrought alloys because of the porosity characteristic. A baking operation should precede the ion nitriding of P/M parts in order to break down or release agents and/or to evaporate any cleaning solvents. Tool Steels A tool steel is any steel used to make tools...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... activities. The case studies that follow offer some guidance and examples but, as previously mentioned, do not offer exhaustive coverage of the subject. Drilling In drilling, speeds and feeds are 80 to 85% of those for wrought metals of the same composition. For long tool life, nitrided steel, high...