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wrought stainless steel

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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 1 Type 304 wrought stainless steel boss sinter brazed to a high-density (7.25 g/cm 3 ) high-temperature-sintered PM 409L flange. (a) 304L boss in 409L flange. (b) Braze filler paste applied to joint. (c) Braze joint. (d) Braze interface (Kalling's etch) 409L (top), 304L (bottom). Source: SSI More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the composition, characteristics, and properties of the five groups of wrought stainless steels: martensitic stainless steels, ferritic stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels, duplex stainless steels, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the identification systems for various grades of wrought stainless steels, namely, the American Iron and Steel Institute numbering system, the Unified Numbering System, and proprietary designations. It elaborates on five major families...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Fabrication of wrought stainless steels requires use of greater power, more frequent repair or replacement of processing equipment, and application of procedures to minimize or correct surface contamination because of its greater strength, hardness, ductility, work...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... composition corrosive environments forms of corrosion heat treatment material selection surface condition welding wrought stainless steel THE MECHANISM OF CORROSION PROTECTION for stainless steels differs from that for carbon steels, alloy steels, and most other metals. In these other cases...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... processing components, pulp and paper industries, furnace parts, and boilers used in fossil fuel electric power plants. The article provides a brief introduction on corrosion resistance of wrought stainless steel and its designations. It lists the chemical composition and describes the physical...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 18 Microstructure of wrought 7-Mo duplex stainless steel (Fe-<0.1%C-27.5%Cr-4.5%Ni-1.5%Mo) solution annealed and then aged 48 h at 816 °C (1500 °F) to form sigma. Electrolytic etching with aqueous 20% NaOH (3 V direct current, 10 s) revealed the ferrite as tan and the sigma as orange More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...Abstract Abstract Stainless steels are widely used at elevated temperatures when carbon and low-alloy steels do not provide adequate corrosion resistance and/or sufficient strength at these temperatures. This article deals with the wrought stainless steels used for high temperature applications...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Cast stainless steels are widely used for their corrosion resistance in aqueous media at or near room temperature and for service in hot gases and liquids at elevated temperatures. This article provides a comparison between cast and wrought stainless steels in terms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... steels, is a reactive element, and it has strong affinity for oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen. Because of this, greater care is necessary in the processing of PM stainless steels in order to avoid formation of undesirable phases and metallurgical defects. In wrought stainless steel metallurgy, oxygen...
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 4 Transition zone between the filler metal and a PM 304L sensor boss (7.0 g/cm 3 density) welded to a wrought stainless steel exhaust pipe. Etched More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... cracking stress-corrosion cracking weld defect formation weld-metal liquation cracking wrought austenitic stainless steels AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEELS exhibit a single-phase, face-centered cubic (fcc) structure that is maintained over a wide range of temperatures. This structure results from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... reduce thermal stress and make ferritic alloys more resistant to thermal fatigue. The smaller coefficients of expansion of the ferritic alloys also lead to reduced spalling from thermal cycling in an oxidizing environment. Substitution of a wrought stainless steel component with a powder metallurgy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract This article provides information on the base material properties of wrought duplex stainless steels (DSS). These properties include microstructure, alloy grades, mechanical and physical properties, and corrosion resistance. The article reviews the applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... such as laser-and electron-beam welding, resistance welding, flash welding, and friction welding, are discussed. electron-beam welding flash welding friction welding laser-beam welding martensitic stainless steel material selection microstructure resistance welding weldability wrought martensitic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... with the ferritic stainless steels. It concludes with information on weld properties. ferritic stainless steel flux-cored arc welding gas-metal arc welding gas-tungsten arc welding material selection plasma arc welding shielded metal arc welding weldability wrought ferritic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... are susceptible to entrapment of contaminants in the surface porosity that are often difficult to remove. Extreme care must be taken to avoid contamination when additional processing steps are required to enhance the performance and value of a part. Wrought stainless steels are sometimes given a chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract This article commences with a brief description of the solidification characteristics and microstructures of martensitic precipitation hardening (PH) stainless steels. It reviews the welding parameters for types 17-4PH, 15-5PH, PH13-8 Mo, Custom 450, and Custom 455...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...) stainless steels exhibit significantly lower corrosion resistance than wrought and cast stainless steels. The reason is twofold. First, the chemical reactions that occur during powder atomization and during sintering tend to alter the surface chemistry of the PM product on a microscopic level...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., these pores can act as initiation sites for breakdown of the protective oxide leading to the establishment of crevice corrosion. Pitting resistance, especially in wrought stainless alloys, is often increased by the addition of passivity-enhancing elements to the base alloy. For wrought stainless steels...