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wrought iron-base superalloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005961
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... stainless steel mechanical properties precipitation hardening precipitation-hardenable stainless steel semiaustenitic precipitation-hardenable stainless steel solution heat treatment wrought iron-base superalloys Precipitation hardening, first discovered in aluminum-copper alloys, is a hardening...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Abstract This article focuses on the properties of conventional wrought superalloys based on nickel, iron, and cobalt, as well as on the properties of alloys produced from powder. The powder metallurgy (P/M) category includes alloys that were originally developed as casting alloys; new alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... hot-corrosion properties. iron-base alloys mechanical alloying oxide dispersion-strengthened alloys mechanically alloyed commercial alloys nickel-base alloys superalloy powder MECHANICAL ALLOYING (MA) was originally developed for the manufacture of nickel-base superalloys strengthened...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... mechanical properties and chemical composition of nickel, iron, and cobalt-base superalloys in both the cast and wrought forms. chemical composition cobalt-base superalloys environmental factors high-temperature applications iron-base superalloys mechanical properties metal processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... problems experienced with the early nickel-chromium-iron solid-solution wrought superalloys. This work ultimately led to the successful manufacture of investment cast components for the first U.S. production gas turbine engine in 1945 ( Ref 1 ). Nickel-base and nickel-iron-base superalloys owe their high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... steel. The remaining 1% is consumed in small quantities for use in ferroalloys, for iron chemical production, and for the precipitation of copper. Of the 24% consumed by foundries, iron foundries take 89%; steel foundries use the remaining 11%. Stainless steels are iron-base alloys that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... including molybdenum, tungsten, cobalt, and by precipitation of a Ni 3 (Al, Ti) type compound designated as gamma prime (γ′) and/or a metastable Ni 3 Nb precipitate designated as gamma double prime (γ″). Several iron-, iron-nickel, and cobalt-base compositions also meet the general description of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... precipitate strengthening. Both classes of superalloys possess a disordered face-centered cubic γ matrix. The solid-solution-strengthened superalloys are primarily reinforced by additions of chromium, molybdenum, iron, and tungsten among other elements to the material. The precipitate-strengthened nickel-base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-strengthened nickel superalloy relative to conventional dispersion-strengthened nickel superalloys and cast nickel-base alloys Once the assembly has been fabricated, it is normally put into service at temperatures of 760 to 1095 °C (1400 to 2000 °F). At these temperatures, the chromium (and sometimes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article summarizes the general features of microstructure evolution during the thermomechanical processing (TMP) of nickel-base superalloys and the challenges posed by the modeling of such phenomena. It describes the fundamentals and implementations of various modeling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... their strength mostly from solid-solution alloying, work hardening, and precipitated phases. The principal strengthening precipitates are the Ni 3 Al gamma prime (γ′) and the Ni 3 Nb gamma double-prime (γ″) intermetallic phases that occur in iron-nickel- and nickel-base alloys. Carbides also may provide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... superalloys, namely, iron-nickel superalloys, nickel-base alloys, cobalt-base alloys, and powder alloys. The article discusses the microstructural mechanisms during hot deformation and presents processing maps for various superalloys. It concludes with a discussion on heat treatment of wrought heat-resistant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... , Sims C.T. and Hagel W.C. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , 1972 , p 113 – 143 14. Thompson A.W. and Brooks J.A. , The Mechanism of Precipitation Strengthening in an Iron-Base Superalloy , Acta Metall. , Vol 30 , Dec 1982 , p 2197 – 2203 10.1016/0001-6160(82)90140-7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
.... corrosion properties corrosion testing elevated-temperature properties fabrication characteristics interim surface protection mechanical properties subzero-temperature properties tensile properties wrought stainless steels physical properties fatigue strength STAINLESS STEELS are iron-base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... The microconstituents observed in iron-nickel and nickel-base wrought heat-resistant superalloys are identical, with a few exceptions. The cobalt-base alloys are not strengthened by precipitated intermetallics but share many common features. All the alloys have an austenitic (γ-phase) matrix that is...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... spotfacing, tapping and thread milling, milling, sawing, and grinding are discussed. Nominal compositions of wrought heat-resistant alloys and nickel-base heat-resistant casting alloys, as well as compositions of cobalt-base heat-resistant casting, iron-base heat-resistant casting, and mechanically alloyed...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... mining and extraction of nickel and describes the uses of nickel. It discusses the categories of nickel-base alloys, including wrought corrosion-resistant alloys, cast corrosion-resistant alloys, heat-resistant alloys (superalloys), and special-purpose alloys. The article covers the corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... in cast, wrought, and powder metal forms, including magnetic alloys as well as several cobalt-base superalloys. cobalt alloys Hastelloy Haynes alloys metallographic preparation metallography metallurgy microstructure COBALT is used as an alloying element in alloys for various...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... superalloys, along with iron-base and cobalt-base superalloys, are used throughout the engines in wrought, cast, powder metallurgy (P/M), and cast single-crystal forms to meet the requirements imposed by the aircraft industry. Nickel-base superalloys were created at approximately the turn of the century...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005886
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... superalloys computational modeling forming heat treatment induction heating stainless steel superalloys temperature wrought nickel-based superalloys Induction heating and heat treating processes are used for a range of materials and applications ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 ). These processes also apply to...