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wrought ferritic stainless steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the identification systems for various grades of wrought stainless steels, namely, the American Iron and Steel Institute numbering system, the Unified Numbering System, and proprietary designations. It elaborates on five major families of stainless...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... stainless steel ferritic stainless steel martensitic stainless steel precipitation-hardenable stainless steel stainless steel products thermally induced embrittlement wrought stainless steel STAINLESS STEELS are iron-base alloys that contain a minimum of approximately 11% Cr, the amount needed to...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Fabrication of wrought stainless steels requires use of greater power, more frequent repair or replacement of processing equipment, and application of procedures to minimize or correct surface contamination because of its greater strength, hardness, ductility, work hardenability and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... number of tests can detect sensitization resulting from carbide precipitation in austenitic and ferritic stainless steels. The most widely used tests are described in ASTM standards A 262 and A 763. More detailed information on sensitization of stainless steels can be found in the article “Wrought...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... mechanical properties, provide increased resistance to specific types of corrosion in certain environments. In this group of steels, corrosion resistance is an important factor in alloy design (see the article “Corrosion of Wrought Stainless Steels” in this Volume). An extensive collection of data on low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Stainless steel types other than those listed for each application may also be used. Source: Ref 1 In the United States, wrought grades of stainless steels are generally designated by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) numbering system, the Unified Number System (UNS), or the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ferrite present in austenitic stainless steel castings, in contrast to the single-phase austenitic structure of the wrought alloys. The presence of ferrite in the castings is desirable for facilitating weld repair, but ferrite also increases resistance to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). There have been...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-consuming treatment; it should be used only when required for subsequent severe forming. Types 414 and 431 do not respond to full or isothermal annealing procedures within a reasonable soaking period. Table 4 Annealing temperatures and procedures for wrought martensitic stainless steels Type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... hardened to high hardness levels, the more susceptible it is to thermal shock. The physical condition of the stainless steel must also be taken into consideration. Cast material (that is, ingot or continuous cast) are more susceptible to thermal shock than semiwrought or wrought product. Dies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... wrought alloys ( Ref 21 , 23 , 24 , 25 ). Fig. 15 Stress required to produce stress-corrosion cracking in several ACI alloys with varying amounts of ferrite Fig. 16 Ferrite pools blocking the propagation of stress-corrosion cracks in a cast stainless steel ...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... expensive than hydrogen, but it also increases strength (with some reduction in ductility) to levels comparable to wrought stainless steels of the same designation. Densities of approximately 85 to 90% of theoretical are achieved. The strengthening is the result of nitrogen absorption during sintering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... with ASTM A 380 ( Ref 1 ), which is an excellent resource document for the cleaning and descaling of stainless steel parts, equipment, and systems, although it does not cover electropolishing. In the United States, wrought grades of stainless steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the characteristics, composition limits, and classification of wrought tool steels, namely high-speed steels, hot-work steels, cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, low-alloy special-purpose steels, mold steels, water-hardening steels, powder metallurgy tool...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the different classification and designation systems of wrought carbon steel and alloy steel product forms with total alloying element contents not exceeding 5″. It lists the quality descriptors, chemical compositions, cast or heat composition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... The tools must withstand these loads a great number of times without breaking and without undergoing excessive wear or deformation. In many applications, tool steels must provide this capability under conditions that develop high temperatures in the tool. Most tool steels are wrought products, but...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Fig. 5 Relationship between resistance to gouging abrasion and toughness of various materials. Area A, wrought and cast low-alloy steels; area B, austenitic manganese steels; area C, variety of heat-treated steels; area D, high-chromium white cast irons The wear resistance of ferritic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... FORGING OF STEELS in quantity has an extensive history since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Justification for selecting forging in preference to other, sometimes more economical, methods of producing useful shapes is based on several considerations. Mechanical properties in wrought materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 1.8 Mechanical 790 1.0 744 0.9  Pressure 48 0.1 49 0.1  Structural 142 0.2 151 0.2  Pipe for piling 35 0.0 24 0.0  Stainless 32 0.0 34 0.0 Wire-drawn 900 1.1 865 1.1 Black plate 230 0.3 249 0.3 Tin plate 2,715 3.3 2,754 3.5 Tin-free steel 904...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... contents and by enlargement of grain size. Coarsening of grain size to improve hardenability is rarely done with wrought steels because most mechanical properties are impaired. The nature of martensite is influenced markedly by carbon content. Basically, two types of martensite can be formed in steels...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... include density, linear thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, resistivity, and approximate melting temperature. The tables also present approximate equivalent hardness numbers for austenitic steels, nonaustenitic steels, austenitic stainless steel sheet, wrought aluminum...