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wrought duplex stainless steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract This article provides information on the base material properties of wrought duplex stainless steels (DSS). These properties include microstructure, alloy grades, mechanical and physical properties, and corrosion resistance. The article reviews the applications and microstructural...
Image
Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 1 Effect of orientation plane on the microstructure of Fe-22Cr-5.5Ni-3Mo-0.15N wrought duplex stainless steel base material electrolytically etched in 40% NaOH. (a) Parallel to rolling direction. (b) Transverse to rolling direction. (c) Plan view. 100x. Courtesy of The Welding Institute More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 18 Microstructure of wrought 7-Mo duplex stainless steel (Fe-<0.1%C-27.5%Cr-4.5%Ni-1.5%Mo) solution annealed and then aged 48 h at 816 °C (1500 °F) to form sigma. Electrolytic etching with aqueous 20% NaOH (3 V direct current, 10 s) revealed the ferrite as tan and the sigma as orange More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... fatigue crack growth fatigue crack initiation fatigue strength fracture behavior fracture toughness local strain stress-corrosion cracking thermal cycling properties WROUGHT DUPLEX STAINLESS STEELS have been used for more than 60 years ( Ref 1 ). Over the years much effort has been devoted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... duplex stainless steel ferritic stainless steel martensitic stainless steel microstructure Schaeffler diagram stainless steel susceptibility tolerance weld metal weldability STAINLESS STEELS are an important class of engineering alloys used in both wrought and cast form for a wide range...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005990
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
..., which is conducted on stabilized alloys, and discusses the metallurgical characteristics of austenitic stainless steels that may affect the selection of a stress-relieving treatment and prevention of stress corrosion by stress relieving. The article also discusses the heat treatments applied to duplex...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... steels ( Ref 36 ). In neither case was χ or σ phase clearly present at the grain boundaries. Duplex Stainless Steels Duplex stainless steels are those that are composed of a mixture of austenite and ferrite, most typically with each phase in the range of 25 to 75%. The common wrought austenitic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Abstract This article discusses the composition, characteristics, and properties of the five groups of wrought stainless steels: martensitic stainless steels, ferritic stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels, duplex stainless steels, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels...
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 4 Toughness of solution-annealed duplex stainless steel castings (closed symbols) and companion wrought alloys (open symbols) as a function of test temperature. Source: Ref 4 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Abstract Stainless steels are primarily alloys of iron and chromium. They are grouped into five families, primarily based on their microstructure: ferritic, austenitic, martensitic, duplex, and precipitation hardening. Three out of the five families of stainless steels, namely, austenitic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... may be reduced 95% from its initial value ( Ref 1 , 2 ). It has been demonstrated that the impact properties of duplex stainless steels in the solution heat treated condition, in the cast and wrought form, are comparable ( Fig. 4 ). More information on the metallography and microstructures...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... components, pulp and paper industries, furnace parts, and boilers used in fossil fuel electric power plants. The article provides a brief introduction on corrosion resistance of wrought stainless steel and its designations. It lists the chemical composition and describes the physical and mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article discusses the corrosion characteristics of superaustenitic stainless and duplex stainless steels, which are used in pharmaceutical industry. It describes passivation treatments and the electropolishing of stainless steels. The article informs that electropolishing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of different types of stainless steels such as austenitic, ferritic, duplex, martensitic, and precipitation-hardening, and on the heat treatment of superalloys and refractory metals. It discusses the recommended procedures for solution annealing, austenite conditioning, transformation cooling, and age...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... be obtained from consumable suppliers. However, even when the proper filler metal is used, pitting may still occur in the unmixed zone. Duplex stainless steels, with ferrite contents in the range of 40 to 50 vol%, are often used to decrease the tendency of stress-corrosion cracking in chromium-nickel high...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., exhibits drilling and tapping advantages at a level somewhat higher than that of a wrought type 308 stainless steel. Corrosion-Resistant Steels Cast corrosion-resistant steels, more commonly called cast stainless steels, are alloyed to prevent corrosion from aqueous solutions or liquid vapor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... or the other. The article describes alternate methods for classifying cast stainless steels, one is based on grade designations, the other on microstructural analysis. It also addresses heat treatment, pointing out its similarities with the thermal processing of wrought materials, and establishes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... examination microstructures stainless steel metallography stainless steel microstructures STAINLESS STEELS are complex alloys containing a minimum of 11% Cr plus other elements to produce ferritic, martensitic, austenitic, duplex, or precipitation-hardenable grades. Procedures used to prepare...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... treating fixtures, and food, paper, and chemical processing equipment. Extensive reviews on the properties and applications of cast stainless steels can be found in Ref 1 , 2 , 3 , and 4 . Stainless Steel Casting Alloys Categories Unlike the case of wrought alloy designators, cast stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006888
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... manufacturing (AM) process, is the main focus of this article. The characteristics of various stainless steels are described subsequently, and the categories that are of relevance to the biomedical industry are identified. The types of stainless steels covered are austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, duplex...