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woven fabrics

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The types of fabrics and preforms include unidirectional and two-directional fabrics; multidirectionally reinforced fabrics; hybrid fabrics; woven fabric prepregs; unidirectional and multidirectional tape prepregs; and the prepreg tow. The article discusses three major categories of tape manufacturing...
Book Chapter

By Karl K. Chang
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... filament yarns, rovings, woven fabrics, discontinuous staple and spun yarns, fabrics, and pulp. Key representative properties of para-aramid fibers are listed in a table. The article reviews the properties of aramid fibers, including tensile modulus, tensile strength, creep and fatigue, compressive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... 85 39 Extremely low Woven Epoxy 120 250 0.29 0.011 1.7 5.6 4 2 135 61 Low (a) UD, unidirectional tape with multi-angular lay-up. Multiaxial, fabric with 2 to 7 layers of tows at varying angles knitted into a drapable fabric (also called noncrimp fabric). Fig. 10...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Fig. 9 Ply lay-up diagram Fig. 10 Ply book showing lay-up sequences Fig. 11 Schematic cross section of composite part output from CAD system Fig. 1 Examples of woven fabric composite parts Fig. 2 Composite part showing compound curvature Fig. 4...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... for continuous unidirectional or chopped fibers and for mat or woven fabric forms. In the hand lay-up technique, fiber is hand-positioned in or on a mold and liquid resin is poured onto the fiber. Cure occurs at room temperature with no applied pressure. Tools roll the blend to work out air bubbles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Fig. 1 Glass fabric composite that has high void content. Void areas are due to residual solvent from the prepregging process. Bright-field illumination, 10× objective Fig. 2 Laminate made with unidirectional carbon fiber prepreg and woven carbon fabric prepreg plies. Voids are shown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...) and fiber types. Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 10× objective In some composite parts, e addition of material combinations may be used for improving characteristics such as damping, damage tolerance, wear and abrasion performance, or environmental resistance. The addition of woven fabric...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... alternatives. Common composites material selection options are: Fiber types: Glass, carbon, aramid, boron, polyethylene, ceramic, tungsten Fiber forms: Unidirectional, woven fabric, random mat, chopped fiber, braided fabric Polymer matrices: Polyester, vinyl ester, epoxy, bismaleimide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and Materials 7. “Standard Specification for Greige Woven Glass Fabrics,” D 579, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , American Society for Testing and Materials 8. “Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength and Young's Modulus for High- Modulus Single-Filament Materials,” D 3379, Annual Book of ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., montage. (c) 3k-70 woven carbon fabric laminate. Bright-field illumination, 5× objective, montage Fig. 2 Composite materials made from different types of fibers. (a) Woven glass fiber fabric composite revealing a multiphase-matrix morphology. Ultrathin section, transmitted-light phase contrast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...× objective Fig. 2 Macroimage of an unprepared woven carbon fabric composite surface showing the extent of surface oxidation after exposure to a range of light wavelengths. 2× magnification photograph of a 10.2 × 15.2 cm (4 × 6 in.) panel Fig. 3 Oxidation on the surface of a woven carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... choppers to make sheet molding compounds. After the request was made and the potential market was found to be significant, large multiple-strand bundles in center-pull packages were developed. In the case of carbon fibers, the need for woven fabrics to form complex shapes brought a request for smaller tows...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... developed. In the case of carbon fibers, the need for woven fabrics to form complex shapes brought a request for smaller tows. The resulting 1000-, 3000-, and 6000-filament tows are now used to produce woven goods. In another example, resin systems reinforced with glass, carbon, or boron fibers were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... injection molded into the ice skate frames, boot base, and heel counters. K2 also produces 4-wheel and 5-wheel cross-training skates, made from fiberglass/epoxy prepreg and graphite/epoxy prepreg continuous woven fabric. Merlin Technologies developed a low-cost/ high-production system for hybrid glass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of different reinforcement types Reinforcement type Drapability Shape stability Compaction (a) Permeability Continuous strand mat Poor to good Medium Poor High Combination fabric Very good Very good Poor Very high Woven roving (plain weave) Poor Medium Good Medium Woven...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... grouped by 1000 to 12,000 into a fiber bundle, which can be chopped into short (3.2 to 50 mm, or 1 8 to 2 in.) fibers, woven into fabric, or further combined into a fiber tow containing as many as 40,000 to 300,000 filaments. Fabrics and tows can be further processed into chopped 12.7 × 12.7 mm...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... laminate. It is removed just before bonding or painting operations so that a clean, bondable surface is available. It is usually a woven fabric and may be either nylon, polyester, or fiberglass. The fabric is treated with a release agent that must not transfer to the laminate; otherwise, subsequent bonding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... such as density; fiber diameter, strength, and modulus; fiber filament bundle size; and woven-fiber fabric type or chopped-fiber form are initially optimized approximately by the “rule of mixtures” to help meet the composite properties needed for the design application engineering criteria for product operation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... specimen 1 IITRI (Illinois Institute of Technology Research Institute) (ASTM D 3410) An ASTM standard since 1987. Tapered flat wedges. Post and bearing alignment. Massive, relatively expensive fixture. Wide, thick specimen can be tested. 1 Wyoming-modified IITRI Smaller, more simply fabricated...