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wire stranding

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... … … … … … … … … … … … … … 40–44 496 72.0 … 2.42–1.00 0.543–0.226 … … … … … … … … … … … … … (a) Tensile strengths cannot always be met if wire is drawn into coils of less than 480 mm (19 in.). (b) Elongation in 250 mm (10 in.) Characteristics of concentric-lay stranded copper conductors...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... high-carbon chromium steel billets, tube rounds, bars, and tubes modified for high hardenability A 534 Carburizing alloy steel billets, tube rounds, bars, rods, wire, and tubes of bearing quality A 535 Special quality alloy steel billets, bars, tube rounds, rods, and tubes for the manufacture...
Book Chapter

By Allan B. Dove
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... the three phases: recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. Aluminized wire (aluminum-coated wire) is produced by passing fluxed strands of wire through a bath of molten aluminum or aluminum alloy. The material is then rapidly cooled. This may, depending on the analysis, increase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of continuous hot-dip-coated steel sheet, wire, and tubing Coating Product Sheet Wire Tubing Zinc and Zn-5Al Roofing, siding, doors, culvert, ductwork, housings, appliances, autobody panels and structural components Nails, staples, guy wires, strand, tension members, rope, utility wire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... into coils of less than 480 mm (19 in.). (b) Elongation in 250 mm (10 in.) ASTM B 48 specifies soft (annealed) square and rectangular copper wire. Stranded wire is normally used in electrical applications where some degree of flexing is encountered either in service or during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... faults. Multistrand wire has more and finer strands and is therefore more flexible and better able to withstand the shock and vibration. Each individual strand is tinned to better withstand the corrosive atmosphere. If cable ends are unsealed, moisture tends to wick between wire strands under...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... results. The material to which it is welded does not require a thickness limitation. Solid wires with diameters up to 3.18 mm (0.125 in.) or stranded wires with diameters up to 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) also can be welded. Commercial applications of ultrasonically welded aluminum alloys include...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., with a stainless-steel-type appearance, while the inner region of the outer braid and the inner braid were visibly corroded. Corrosion deposits were most severe at braid wire strand contact regions ( Fig. 2 ). Dried droplet formations were present on the outer-diameter surface of the PTFE hose ( Fig. 3 ). Braid...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... strands simultaneously, or each strand can be independently withdrawn. The molds can also be configured for billet casting 100 to 400 mm (9 to 16 in.) in diameter, bar and tube casting in the size range of 25 to 350 mm (1.0 to 14 in.) in diameter, and for small-diameter rod and wire 12 to 25 mm (0.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... against a coiling point and around a fixed arbor into a coil. At the end of the coiling cycle, the feed rolls stop, and a cutoff mechanism actuates a knife, which severs the completed spring against the arbor. A flying knife separates the completed spring from the wire strand. Modern spring coilers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... filament diameter, thus negating the benefits of individual fine filaments. To counter the problem, multifilamentary wire must be twisted. Twisting of the strand reduces eddy-current losses in time-varying applied fields as does the incorporation of a resistive matrix. In this article...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of overloading. Excessive wear on a 16-mm ( 5 8 -in.) diam 6 × 37 (6 strands of 37 wires each) fiber-core improved plow steel wire rope is described in Example 3 in this article. Corrosion failures are also relatively frequent because of the environments in which lifting equipment is operated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... by threading the cable through an oversized prefabricated tube and then squeezing the tube to final dimensions around the cable by tube reducers and draw dies. Conductor accessories may be rolled, extruded, cast, or forged. Common forms of aluminum conductors are single wire and multiple wire (stranded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., culvert, ductwork, housings, appliances, autobody panels and structural components Nails, staples, guy wires, strand, tension members, rope, utility wire, fencing Electrical conduit Zinc-iron Autobody panels and structural components … … Aluminum type 1 Mufflers, tailpipes, heat shields, ovens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... of its high springback. During the reaction heat treatment, the superalloy precipitation hardened and retained the wound shape ( Ref 58 ). To prevent strand sintering, the US-DPC conductor wire was chromeplated prior to cabling ( Fig. 27 ) ( Ref 43 , 46 ). Fig. 27 Cabling elements for the 225...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... strands of drag line wire rope Fig. 11 Effect of fretting on fatigue strength reduction (SRF) through crack initiation. SRF is equal to difference between solid and dashed lines. Fig. 1 (a) Comparison of fatigue life for 4130 steel under fretting and nonfretting conditions. Specimens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., such as a gear or wheel on a shaft Convex contacts, as found beneath a convex washer, between crossed cylinders such as wire rope strands, or a sphere or a cylinder in a bearing race Specific remedies to reduce fretting are given for these common examples. When frettting occurs, it often cannot...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Generally, the materials need only be presented to the welder in proper orientation. Correct orientation is usually achieved by using a nest or anvil fixture, which supports the parts while they are being welded. When joining stranded wires to other solid or stranded wires or to a terminal, a “gathering...