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white-box modeling

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of the principles and achievements of each of the various microstructural models, including black-box modeling, gray-box modeling, white-box modeling, and hybrid modeling. black-box modeling gray-box modeling hybrid modeling microstructure white-box modeling THE BENEFITS of microstructural refinement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... metal arc welding d depth, diameter Gr, gr graphite da/dN crack growth rate Gr/L graphite/liquid dc direct current GTAW gas tungsten arc welding dt time step GWT gray-to-white transition dT/dt cooling rate h height D throughput H magnetic intensity, height D diffusivity, diffusion HAP hazardous air...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Fig. 9 MultiMatic PNGV hybrid material body in white finite-element model. Source: Ref 7 Similarly, a composite vehicle that takes advantage of optimized design for braided and woven composites is the Solectria Sunrise electric vehicle ( Fig. 10 ). The automobile is manufactured using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... This is shown with the small dots in the plot. Fig. 2 Sampling, resolution, and quantization. (a) SEM image of a cleaved silicon wafer. (b) Intensity trace (gray graph) along the white line shown on the image. The black dots represent sampling points. The black line is the digital approximation given...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Abstract This article discusses the three different modeling approaches for grain structures formed during solidification of metallic alloys: direct modeling of dendritic structure, direct modeling of grain structure, and indirect modeling of grain structure. The main construction bases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... silver coins with a dark-purple patina (typical of silver chloride) were exhibited, their upward-facing surfaces became hazy with a milky-white appearance. By comparison, the opposite sides remained unchanged. Scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed the milky haze to be composed of a white powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006896
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... and the current workflow of creating 3D-printed anatomical models at the POC. Case studies are introduced to show the complex range of anatomical models that can be produced while also exploring how patient care benefits. It describes the advanced form of communication in medicine. The advantages as well...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...), and the specifications for fire escapes or exits (fire code).” “Standard” is defined as “something considered by an authority or by general consent as a basis of comparison; an approved model.” As a practical matter, codes tell the user what to do and when and under what circumstances to do it. Codes are often...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... to having support within internal cavities. Once the support material is removed, additional finishing steps are sometimes administered. To make translucent models (e.g., Stratasys’ VeroClear resin), photobleaching parts with fluorescent lamps is recommended to amplify clarity prior to polishing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., distributing nuclei of recrystallized grains, growing the recrystallized grains, and updating the dislocation density. The article concludes with information on the developments in CA simulations. cellular automaton model static recrystallization dynamic recrystallization microstructure dislocation...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... The algorithm to model the growth of a cell ν identified as part of a grain is schematized, as well as the propagation of the grain to a neighboring cell μ. The growing shape associated with cell ν has propagated from the white to the black continuous thin lines to reach positions S ν [ i j...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the intermediate length scales, where transport phenomena govern the spatial and temporal evolution of a structure. It presents the cellular automaton (CA) and phase field (PF) methods that represent the state of the art for modeling macrostructure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006893
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... photopolymerization, (b) becomes milky white after photopolymerization. Source: Ref 10 . Creative Commons License (CC BY 4.0), https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ The 3D bioprinting process can be classified into four steps: Data acquisition for 3D models . 3D models can be obtained using x...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... in sand casting of cast iron that attempts to interconnect all known aspects of categorization. Fig. 5 Classification of binder systems used in cast iron production. FRC, free radical cure; PUCB, phenolic urethane cold box; PECB, Ester-cured phenolic cold box Green Sand (Physically Bonded...
Book Chapter

By Don Smith
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Accura25 (a) General-purpose models, snap-fit assemblies, and room-temperature vulcanized (RTV) master patterns. Durability and accuracy are reported as “better.” Accura Xtreme White 200 (a) General-purpose models, RTV master patterns, and “best” for snap-fit assemblies. Accuracy is reported...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... (special compositions) A Duplicate patterns for foundry match plates, ceramics, plastics, and pottery C, H, Z Lining and sealing core boxes H Model airplane, railroad, and ship parts G, H, T Spray-metallizing, altering, and repairing patterns and core boxes T, Z Tracer models...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0005751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... large tered cubic iron) is stable. Strong· austenite sta~ a drawing with white lines on a blue back~ bilizers are carbon, nickel, and manganese. ·ground. number ofideas J.nio their natural relationships. availability. In reliability theory, a measure ofthe Boolean opera"tion. In solid modeling, three op...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... true metal casting facility flask to modernize molding practices (which had been carried out in pits on the floor by use of pattern boards tied together or in crude box frames). He would later initiate the use of coke as a furnace fuel for iron production. 1722—A.F. de Reamur, recognized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
..., starts with a clay model of the sculpture, which is covered with a new layer of clay after drying. This outer layer of clay is then cut into pieces and removed before it dries completely. In the next step, material is taken off the surface of the inner clay model to provide room for pouring the iron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Statistical risk is determined from currently available data, based on assumptions that a large number of future systems will, on the average, act the same way as a large number of similar past systems. Predicted risk is based on analysis of system, models, and historical data. Perceived risk...