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white-box modeling

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... an outline of the principles and achievements of each of the various microstructural models, including black-box modeling, gray-box modeling, white-box modeling, and hybrid modeling. black-box modeling gray-box modeling hybrid modeling microstructure white-box modeling THE BENEFITS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... This is shown with the small dots in the plot. Fig. 2 Sampling, resolution, and quantization. (a) SEM image of a cleaved silicon wafer. (b) Intensity trace (gray graph) along the white line shown on the image. The black dots represent sampling points. The black line is the digital approximation given...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Fig. 9 MultiMatic PNGV hybrid material body in white finite-element model. Source: Ref 7 Similarly, a composite vehicle that takes advantage of optimized design for braided and woven composites is the Solectria Sunrise electric vehicle ( Fig. 10 ). The automobile is manufactured using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... silver coins with a dark-purple patina (typical of silver chloride) were exhibited, their upward-facing surfaces became hazy with a milky-white appearance. By comparison, the opposite sides remained unchanged. Scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed the milky haze to be composed of a white powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Instrumentation. 3330 Washington Blvd., Arlington, VA 22201 (703) 525-4890 AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. 444 N. Capitol St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001 (202) 624-5800 AATCC American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. P.O. Box 12215, Research...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... components H, Z Pattern applications Dental models (special compositions) A Duplicate patterns for foundry match plates, ceramics, plastics, and pottery C, H, Z Lining and sealing core boxes H Model airplane, railroad, and ship parts G, H, T Spray-metallizing, altering, and repairing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for growth of anaerobic bacteria able to reduce nitrate or sulfate (dots in plots) and for soils dominated by the microbial metabolism (boxes). Aerobic bacteria grow over a wide range of pH at E h > 300 mV (normal hydrogen electrode). Source: Ref 19 Whatever the metabolism, electrochemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... as a white layer, due to its appearance in an etched micrograph). Underneath the white layer is a diffusion zone, which also contains carbonitrides of alloying elements ( Fig. 1 ) or a supersaturated metallic matrix of either expanded austenite or expanded martensite (or a mixture of the two), depending...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
..., with (a) the very small box straddling the dendrite tip, shown within the offset box (red in the Online Edition), (b) the offset box and its relation to the dendritic structure of Fig. 1(a) (green in the Online Edition), and (c) the gray-scale region (blue in the Online Edition). Note that the scale of the REV...
Book Chapter

By Don Smith
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Xtreme White 200 (a) General-purpose models, RTV master patterns, and “best” for snap-fit assemblies. Accuracy is reported as “good,” with durability and moisture resistance reported as “better.” Accura Clear View (a) General-purpose models, snap-fit assemblies, and RTV master patterns. Moisture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., copper-copper sulfate reference electrode. Source: Ref 30 Indicator minerals found as corrosion products in external corrosion scenarios under disbonded polyethylene tape wrap coating on buried pipelines and in laboratory soil box tests Table 3 Indicator minerals found as corrosion products...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... combines two light waves to form inference. Both laser and white light can be used as the light source of the interferometer. Currently, there are two major types of interferometry: vertical scanning interferometry (VSI) and phase-shifting interferometry (PSI). The basic principle of PSI are shown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... ksi) Shore hardness, scale: value MPa ksi MPa ksi °C °F Stratasys VeroWhitePlus, other Vero materials White, blue, gray, cyan, magenta, yellow 50–65 7–9 2000–3000 290–435 10–25 45–50 113–122 D: 83–86 High Temperature White 70–80 10–12 3200–3500 464–508...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... in sand casting of cast iron that attempts to interconnect all known aspects of categorization. Fig. 5 Classification of binder systems used in cast iron production. FRC, free radical cure; PUCB, phenolic urethane cold box; PECB, Ester-cured phenolic cold box Green Sand (Physically Bonded...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... true metal casting facility flask to modernize molding practices (which had been carried out in pits on the floor by use of pattern boards tied together or in crude box frames). He would later initiate the use of coke as a furnace fuel for iron production. 1722—A.F. de Reamur, recognized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...). In this case, all the equipment is portable and was assembled on-site in the roll shop. The rolls used in the later stands of this particular hot strip mill are called indefinite chill rolls. They are centrifugally cast and consist of a microstructure of 1 to 2.5% graphite in a white iron matrix of iron alloy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... on analysis of system, models, and historical data. Perceived risk is risk seen intuitively by individuals or society. It should be noted that only “real risk” is a property of hardware. The other three risks represent the concept of risk represented by the system. An important factor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... graphite when H + Pb; effect can be controlled by Ce addition Painted steel, soldered auto body, steel wheels, weights Tellurium … … 0.002 0.003 … Minimizes pinholes; reacts with Mg; white iron former; deteriorates graphite shape Steel scrap, mold, or core wash Tin 0.01 0.08 … … 0.08...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... feedback in closed-loop LTF compression molding LFT Applications Typical applications can be found in the automotive industry for components such as front end support structures (e.g., Volkswagen Passat, Fig. 19a ), floor panel covers (e.g., Skoda Fabia), trunk boxes, and battery covers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8