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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract This article is a compilation of tables containing property data for major reinforcement materials, including high-modulus fibers, carbon fibers, graphite fibers, glass fibers, ceramic short fibers and whiskers. Data are provided for physical, mechanical, chemical, thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fig. 30 Exterior view of shaft and sleeve bearing on failed motor-operated switch (millimeter scale) Fig. 31 Hardened grease on rotor journal of failed motor-operated switch (millimeter scale) Fig. 32 Scanning electron micrograph of tin whiskers on base of insulated standoff...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004170
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., fretting, stress-corrosion cracking, and whisker growth. The article presents effective measures for minimizing the moisture retention in hermetic packages and/or moisture ingress in plastic packages. It concludes with information corrosion tests. References 1. Amerasekera E.A. and Najm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Discontinuously reinforced aluminum (DRA) alloy metal-matrix composites (MMCs) represent an advanced aluminum materials concept whereby ceramic particles, or whiskers, are added to aluminum-base alloys through the use of either ingot-melting or casting and/or powder-metallurgy (P/M...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
.... It presents a comprehensive discussion on the properties and composition of alumina-base tool materials, including alumina and titanium carbide, alumina-zirconia, and silicon carbide whisker reinforced alumina, and silicon nitride base tool materials. alumina carbide alumina-zirconia carbide ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... for fiber-reinforced, whisker-reinforced, and particulate-re-inforced metal-matrix alloys. It explains the near-threshold fatigue crack propagation in welded joints and the fundamental considerations for modeling threshold behavior. The article concludes with a discussion on the effects of thresholds...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... The continuous phase is the matrix phase, and the distributed or reinforcement phase can be in the form of particles, platelets, whiskers or short fibers, continuous fibers, or sheet. Composites are generally classified by the matrix material: polymer, metal, or ceramic. CMCs can be further classified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Whisker Reinforced CMC Glass + SiC (w) Increase Increase Al 2 O 3 + SiC (w) Increase Increase Si 3 N 4 + SiC (w) Increase Increase ZrO 2 + SiC (w) Decrease Increase Reinforcement: p, particulate; pl, platelet; w, whisker. Source: Ref 7 Room-temperature strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...: Ref 3 Fig. 3 Microstructure of SiC whisker-reinforced Al 2 O 3 composite. (a) 2100×. (b) 5000× Fig. 4 Fracture surface of a SiC whisker-reinforced Al 2 O 3 ceramic. Note hexagonal voids or holes due to whisker pull-out upon fracture. 950× Fig. 5 Tool life of ceramic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Typical properties of particulate (p), whisker (w), and chopped fiber (c) reinforcements Table 1 Typical properties of particulate (p), whisker (w), and chopped fiber (c) reinforcements Property Reinforcement SiC p Al 2 O 3p TiB 2p Si 3 N 4p Al 2 O 3c (a) SiC w (b) Si 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of a hybrid composite, consisting of SiC fibers (Nicalon) and whiskers in a glass- ceramic-matrix. Source: Ref 20 Fig. 6 Schematic of liquid infiltration processing. The technique is very similar to liquid polymer or liquid metal infiltration Fig. 4 Flow diagram of the reaction bonding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... used in some specialized applications (see also the article “Properties and Metal-Matrix Composites” in this Volume). Aluminum MMCs with continuous (fiber) and discontinuous (particulate or whisker) reinforcement can be synthesized by vapor-phase, liquid-phase, or solid-phase processes. Liquid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... angles between 0 and 75° are shown in Fig. 1 . THE EXTRUSION of particle- and whisker- reinforced aluminum composites is similar to the extrusion of the matrix alloy. The presence of the reinforcements increases the shear strength at the extrusion temperature and increases the pressure requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Coarse F12 1700 (0.068 in.) Good wear resistance Lowest benefit to resultant properties High ductility and ease of manufacturing Great for armor applications Whisker reinforcements Fine (submicron) … … Highest resultant properties in the fiber direction Highly anisotropic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... direction that shows promise is that of composite materials. For example, silicon carbide whiskers have been incorporated into an aluminum oxide matrix, resulting in a composite with greatly improved toughness. The toughening mechanism is probably a combination of whisker pullout and crack bridging, whereby...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... reported the presence of tin whiskers (hairlike metallic growths) on tin-plated items of electrical equipment ( Ref 2 ). It has not been determined to this day (2006) if surface oxides, intermetallics, or some other mechanism caused the residual stress necessary for whisker growth. Finally, in the October...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... on the fracture toughness of aluminum-base metal-matrix composites Fig. 27 The effect of orientation and whisker volume fraction on the fracture toughness of composites based on 7075 aluminum alloy. Fig. 28 Effect of whisker orientation on crack path and fracture in fracture toughness tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Molybdenum 10.2 2625 4750 2200 320 331 48.0 … Material Density, g/cm 3 Tensile strength Tensile modulus GPa 10 6 psi GPa 10 6 psi Metal-matrix reinforcements: short fibers and whiskers Alumina  Whiskers 4.0 10–20 1–3 700–1500 100–220  Sintered fibers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Typical properties of particulate (p), whisker (w), and chopped fiber (c) reinforcements Table 1 Typical properties of particulate (p), whisker (w), and chopped fiber (c) reinforcements Property Reinforcement SiC p Al 2 O 3p TiB 2p Si 3 N 4p Al 2 O 3c (a) SiC w (b) Si 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and nickel-base superalloys. Silicon carbide (SiC) whisker-reinforced Al 2 O 3 (Al 2 O 3 -SiC W ) ceramics, developed in the early 1980s, are tougher than white ceramics due to crack deflection by the dispersed SiC whiskers in the microstructure. The whiskers also increase hardness and improve thermal...