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wet lubrication

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., lubrication, and wear. These parameters include process, lubricant, workpiece, and tooling. The article provides information on dry and wet lubrication in wire drawing. The dry lubrication refers to use of solid lubricants while wet lubrication refers to the practice of providing a liquid lubricant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) 0.77 Thickening agent, suspension aid Aqueous 30% graphite suspension 36.60 Lubrication and separation Sodium molybdate 5.00 Lubrication and separation in melt flow; corrosion protection, bonding agent Sodium pentaborate 3.18 Wetting, film development...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... on the properties of the beryllium. The part and mandrel often are torch-heated during spinning. Lubrication is especially important in spinning. Colloidal graphite or glass is usually used. Wet blasting is the recommended means of cleaning the workpiece after spinning. Figure 5 plots combinations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and double-disk grinding. With the use of special wetting agents and foam depressants, however, water-miscible fluids can be rendered sufficiently nonfoaming to be effective in almost all operations. Emulsifiable oils combine the lubricating and rust-prevention properties of oil with the excellent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...), glass fibers, and metal fibers (e.g., steel, copper) are used for structural reinforcement of friction materials. Lubricants: These are used as friction modifiers to control friction and wear. Typical lubricants include graphite, metal sulfides such as MoS 2 , and Sb 2 O 3 . Abrasives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... recommendations of the atmosphere supplier and furnace manufacture should also be followed to minimize the safety risks associated with the use of specific atmospheres and furnace equipment. Environmental Concerns Typically, parts that are pressed before sintering contain 0.5 to 1.5% of admixed lubricants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract The function of lubricants is to control friction and wear in a lubricating system containing machine elements such as gears and bearings. This article discusses the basic properties of lubricants to help scientists and engineers understand the principles behind lubricant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Corundum Al 2 O 3 9.0 to 9.4 Carborundum SIC 9.5 to 9.6 Boron carbide B 4 C 3 9.7 to 9.8 Diamond C 10.0 Neutral soluble-oil emulsions are satisfactory lubricants for grinding aluminum. The addition of a wetting agent (detergent) is sometimes helpful. Although an emulsion of 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... products, including self-lubricating sintered bearings, structural parts, oxide-dispersion-strengthened copper, sintered metal friction materials, and porous filters. copper powder-metallurgy copper-base structural parts oxide-dispersion-strengthened copper porous bronze filters powder production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... the carrier is chosen with wetting of the die surface in mind. Oils and greases used to be preferred, but occupational health and ecological considerations favor aqueous lubricants. Furthermore, capillary forces that aid alignment of platelets are less effective while the oil decomposes on heating. Overviews...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... machinery Wet, lubricated (pH 5–8) wear, light duty Carburized 1015, 1020, 1022, 1117, 1118, heat treated 4340, 8645 Wet, lubricated (pH 5–8) wear, moderate duty Carburized 8628, 4620, 4615, or equivalent Wet, lubricated (pH 5–8) wear, heavy duty Carburized 4820, 4320, 2320, or equivalent...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... lubricants, such as in the drawing of titanium. In the case of steels, the rod to be drawn is first surface treated by pickling. This removes the surface scale that could lead to surface defects and therefore increases die life. Wet Drawing In wet drawing, the lubricant is chosen both for its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... with these machines, but the machines are limited to smaller reductions per pass than with dry-drawing nonslip continuous machines. With wet-drawing slip-type machines, the drawing operation is generally confined to an enclosed chamber, with the lubricant bathing the dies and wire as it is being drawn...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... is a lubricating film that may be quite complex in structure, activity, and wetting ability. The complexity of the lubricant/metal interface fundamentally affects the lubricant performance by preventing galling or wear of the tooling, as well as tearing, scratching, or imperfect forming to desired dimensions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a brief introduction to lubrication as a method to reduce friction between two surfaces. It discusses the surface characteristics of parts and explores how lubrication helps separate two contacting surfaces and thereby decreases the coefficient...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... these contaminants are completely removed by acid pickling, they can rust and provide sites for initiation of pitting. Wet Blasting Wet blasting is adaptable for use with stainless steels. Various abrasives conveyed in liquid carriers are discharged at the work by compressed air. A variety of finishes can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and buffing of zirconium is accomplished with the same methods used for titanium. Polishing is frequently done wet, using mineral oil lubricants and coolants. Silicon carbide abrasive cloth belts have been effective. It is common to polish in two or more steps, using a coarser grit initially, such as 60 or 80...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the classification of sliding bearings and describes the major groups of soft metal bearing materials: babbitts, copper-lead bearing alloys, bronze, and aluminum alloys. It provides a discussion on the methods for fluid-film lubrication in bearings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... their abrasive and plowing action. Furthermore, they can act as oil reservoirs, feeding lubricant directly into the contact in emergency situations. When textures appear with sufficient density, they can also improve the wetting of the surface, initiate microhydrodynamic lubrication, and support the formation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... the most desirable pressure. Proponents of high-pressure application claim that impingement on the roll and strip surfaces helps to break up a stagnant layer of lubricant or steam and, thus, increases heat transfer. Adherents of low-pressure application regard lubricant quantity and wetting more important...