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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Standard Fracture Mechanics Toughness Tests,” BS 7448 Part 1, British Standards Institution, London 34. Squirrell S.J. , Pisarski H.G. , and Dawes M.G. , “Recommended Procedure for the Crack-tip Opening Displacement (CTOD) Testing of Weldments,” TWI Research Report 311, 1986 35...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Corrosion of carbon steel weldments can be due to metallurgical effects, such as preferential corrosion of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) or weld metal, or it can be associated with geometrical aspects, such as stress concentration at the weld toe, or creation of crevices due to joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... effects of gas-tungsten arc weld shielding gas composition and heat-tint oxides on corrosion resistance are also discussed. The article explains microbiological corrosion of butt welds in water tanks with the examples. In addition, it provides information on corrosion of ferritic stainless steel weldments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003623
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Corrosion resistance can usually be maintained in the welded condition by balancing alloy compositions, shielding molten and hot metal surfaces, and choosing the proper welding parameters. This article describes some of the metallurgical factors that affect corrosion of weldments. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... arc welding fusion welding longitudinal section metallography microstructure solid-state transformation structures transverse section solidification structures weld bead morphology welding defects welded joints weldments FUSION WELDING is the joining of two or more pieces of material by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... in a weldment. It reviews the heat-affected and fusion zones of single-pass and multi-pass weldments. The article also includes a discussion on the welds in alloy systems, such as stainless steels and aluminum-base, nickel-base, and titanium-base alloys. aluminum-base alloys casting fusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Weldments exhibit special microstructural features that need to be recognized and understood in order to predict acceptable corrosion service life of welded structures. This article describes some of the general characteristics associated with the corrosion of weldments. It emphasizes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Liquation in 18-Ni Maraging Steel Weldments , Weld J. , Sept 1967 , p 411s - 422s 19. Yeniscavitch W. , Joining , Superalloys II , Sims C.T. , Stoloff N.S. , and Hagel W.C. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , 1987 , p 495 – 516 20. Hucke E.E. and Udin H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Abstract This article examines the factors influencing the fatigue behavior of an individual weldment, using extensive experimental data and a computer model, which simulates the fatigue resistance of weldments. It discusses the process of fatigue in weldments. The service conditions, which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Abstract This article briefly reviews the factors that affect the fatigue strength of aluminum alloy weldments. It discusses a number of factors influencing the fatigue performance of welded aluminum joints. The article describes the effects of fatigue behavior on weldments based on parent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract This article describes the formation of residual stresses and distortion and the techniques for measuring residual stresses. It provides a discussion on the magnitude and distribution analysis of residual stresses and distortion in weldments. The article considers the effects of...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article briefly reviews the general causes of weldment failures, which may arise from rejection after inspection or failure to pass mechanical testing as well as loss of function in service. It focuses on the general discontinuities observed in welds, and shows how some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract This article describes the fundamental and specific factors that control the properties of steel weldments in both the weld metal and heat-affected zone (HAZ) of carbon and low-alloy steels. It provides information on steel types and their weldability. The article also explains the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract This article describes the formation of residual stresses and distortion, providing information on the techniques for measuring residual stresses. It presents a detailed discussion on the magnitude and distribution analysis of the residual stresses and distortion in weldments. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... microstructure solute-lean beta alloys solute-rich beta alloys stress ratio subcritical crack growth surface treatment texture titanium alloys toughening weldments TITANIUM is used for two primary reasons: structural efficiency, which derives from its combination of high strength and low density...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... analyzes the characterization of low-cycle fatigue based on fatigue damage calculations. It concludes with information on fatigue crack growth and fatigue behavior of weldments. References 1. Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II, Part D , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1995...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005599
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... evolution microstructure modeling multistage thermal processing non-isothermal transformation particle coarsening particle dissolution particle size distribution precipitation model recrystallization single-parameter models welded aluminum components welding weldments yield strength model...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005588
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... times faster than the weld metal in the quasi-stationary state. Cracks usually appear in the weld crater and may propagate along the weld. Another dominant transient phenomenon occurs when a short repair weld is made to a weldment. Rapid cooling results in a brittle HAZ structure and either causes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... testing for ceramic and polymer materials is provided. fracture toughness fracture toughness test methods linear-elastic fracture toughness testing non-linear fracture toughness testing transition fracture toughness test method ceramics weldments polymers FRACTURE TOUGHNESS is defined as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... describes the effects of material property and welding condition on the temperature distribution of weldments. The thermal properties of selected engineering materials are provided in a table. fusion welding heat flow heat flow modeling metallurgical phase transformation thermal properties...