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weldment integrity

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... imperfections may be tolerable and how the other may be root-cause defects in service failures. The article explains the effects of joint design on weldment integrity. It outlines the origins of failure associated with the inherent discontinuity of welds and the imperfections that might be introduced from arc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Corrosion of carbon steel weldments can be due to metallurgical effects, such as preferential corrosion of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) or weld metal, or it can be associated with geometrical aspects, such as stress concentration at the weld toe, or creation of crevices due to joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... effects of gas-tungsten arc weld shielding gas composition and heat-tint oxides on corrosion resistance are also discussed. The article explains microbiological corrosion of butt welds in water tanks with the examples. In addition, it provides information on corrosion of ferritic stainless steel weldments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... arc welding fusion welding longitudinal section metallography microstructure solid-state transformation structures transverse section solidification structures weld bead morphology welding defects welded joints weldments FUSION WELDING is the joining of two or more pieces of material by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Stresses in Type 304 Stainless Steel Piping Weldments , Proc. Seminar on Countermeasures for Pipe Cracking in BWRs , Vol 2 , Jan 22–24, 1980 , Report WS 79-174, Electric Power Research Institute , May 1980 41. Shack W.J. , Measurement of Through Wall Residual Stresses in Large Diameter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... testing, J-R curve evaluation, and crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) method. Other methods used include the combined J standard method, the common fracture toughness test, transition fracture toughness testing, and the weldment fracture testing method. crack initiation fracture toughness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005588
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... times faster than the weld metal in the quasi-stationary state. Cracks usually appear in the weld crater and may propagate along the weld. Another dominant transient phenomenon occurs when a short repair weld is made to a weldment. Rapid cooling results in a brittle HAZ structure and either causes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... describes the effects of material property and welding condition on the temperature distribution of weldments. The thermal properties of selected engineering materials are provided in a table. fusion welding heat flow heat flow modeling metallurgical phase transformation thermal properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... metastable beta alloys. The article further discusses the weld microstructure for alpha-beta and metastable beta alloys and describes welding defects observed in titanium alloys. The influence of macro- and microstructural characteristics of titanium weldment on mechanical properties is also discussed. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... analyzes the characterization of low-cycle fatigue based on fatigue damage calculations. It concludes with information on fatigue crack growth and fatigue behavior of weldments. References 1. Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II, Part D , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1995...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Standard Fracture Mechanics Toughness Tests,” BS 7448 Part 1, British Standards Institution, London 34. Squirrell S.J. , Pisarski H.G. , and Dawes M.G. , “Recommended Procedure for the Crack-tip Opening Displacement (CTOD) Testing of Weldments,” TWI Research Report 311, 1986 35...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... high-toughness weld metal compositions that are based on bainite microstructure. These developments relied on CT and CK tools ( Ref 147 ). The reliability of weld microstructure models and their relation to properties have been reviewed by Bhadeshia ( Ref 148 ). To address the stability of weldment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
...-T6 Aluminum Weldments 1: Reaction Kinetics , Acta Metall. Mater. , Vol 39 , 1992 , p 2693 – 2702 62. Myhr O.R. and Grong O. , Process Modeling Applied to 6082-T6 Aluminum Weldments 2: Application of Model , Acta Metall. Mater. , Vol 39 , 1992 , p 2703 – 2708 63...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Aspects of Grinding , Machining—Theory and Practice , Ernst H. et al. , Ed., American Society for Metals , p 409 – 464 10. Danko J.C. , Effect of Residual Stresses on the Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe Weldments , Practical Applications of Residual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... stainless steel weld cladding and the factors influencing joint integrity in dissimilar metal joining. It concludes with a discussion on joining carbon and low-alloy steels to various dissimilar materials (both ferrous and nonferrous) by arc welding. arc welding buildup alloys carbon steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... of the stress-life method is restricted to circumstances where continuum, “no cracks” assumptions can be applied. However, some design guidelines for weldments (which inherently contain discontinuities) offer what amount to residual life and runout determinations for a variety of process and joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Crack Initiation in Weldments of a Carbon-Manganese Steel , Proc. European Offshore Steels Research Seminar , ( Cambridge, U.K. ), Paper 6, 1978 8. Smith F.C. and Smith R.A. , Defects and Crack Shape Development in Fillet Welded Joints , Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. , Vol 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... opportunities to improve operating processes and procedures related to the management of system integrity. Industry experience with corrosion-resistant alloys of steel, copper, and aluminum is reviewed. The article ends with a discussion on monitoring and preventing microbiologically influenced corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... , Fracture Toughness of 5% Nickel Steel Weldments , Weld J. , Vol 53 , 1974 , p 486 18. Paris P.C. , Tada H. , Zahoor A. , and Ernst H. , The Theory of Instability of the Tearing Mode of Elastic-Plastic Crack Growth , Elastic-Plastic Fracture , STP 668, Landes J.D...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... metal without a preheat or postheat treatment ( Ref 30 ). The friction/inertia process also provided a satisfactory, high-integrity weldment with this composition. The diffusion-bonded grades would respond in a similar manner if processed using the same techniques. Dissimilar metals can be...