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wedge tension testing

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews the various types of mechanical testing methods, including hardness testing; tension testing; compression testing; dynamic fracture testing; fracture toughness testing; fatigue life testing; fatigue crack growth testing; and creep, stress-rupture, and stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... information on the cantilever beam test, wedge-opening load test, contoured double-cantilever beam test, three-point and four-point bend tests, rising step-load test, disk-pressure test, slow strain-rate tensile test, and potentiostatic slow strain-rate tensile test for hydrogen embrittlement. constant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... all of these aspects, which is primarily a result of the large deformations that are common in massive forming processes such as forging, extrusion, and rolling. For most common mechanical tests—simple tension and compression tests—the maximum uniform strains achieved are rather low because of necking...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... materials. Fig. 7 Compression test fixture with conical wedges. Source: Ref 20 Fig. 8 Compression test fixture with pyramidal wedges. Source: Ref 21 Fig. 9 Compression test specimen and tool for plastics. Source: Ref 22 As in the case of measuring tension, the sandwich...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... tests, such as the tension test, ring compression test, plane-strain compression test, bend test, indentation test, and forgeability test. It concludes with information on the role of the finite-element modeling software used in workability analysis. bend test bulk forming processes cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of TMF are testing in which temperature and mechanical loading must be independently controlled, intelligent application of TMF results to life prediction, and using physics-based models that incorporate the dominant interactions as a guide for extrapolating life prediction to regimes that preclude...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... economy are well documented. For example, the importance of investigating failures was vividly illustrated in the pioneering efforts of the Wright Brothers in developing self-propelled flight. In fact, while Wilbur was traveling in France in 1908, Orville was conducting flight tests for the U.S. Army...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or wedge-shaped cracks at grain triple points • Reaction scales or internal precipitation • Some cold flow in last stages of failure Contributing factors • Load exceeded the strength of the part • Check for proper alloy and processing by hardness check or destructive testing, chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract The principal types of elevated-temperature mechanical failure are creep and stress rupture, stress relaxation, low- and high-cycle fatigue, thermal fatigue, tension overload, and combinations of these, as modified by environment. This article briefly reviews the applied aspects of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... conductivity, viscosity, specific heat, density, and surface tension. It reviews wetting and boiling heat-transfer characteristics of nanofluids as quenchants and highlights the importance of using nanofluids as effective quench media for the hardening process during heat treatment. The article describes the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... characteristic of ductile fracture in tension. 224× (S. Harding and S.W. Stafford, University of Texas)) Fig. 385 Surface of a fatigue fracture that occurred in tension-tension ( R = 0.1) in a test bar of electroslag remelt AISI 4340 steel heat treated to a hardness of 55 HRC. The origin of the fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... solidification along a preferred (rapid-growth) direction and thus possess noticeable fiberlike textures. Fig. 2 Specimens for the wedge test. (Top) As-machined specimen. (Bottom) Specimen after forging The wedge test is fferent from other workability tests (e.g., tension test, uniaxial compression...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... a wedge or UTPA probe should be used in these cases as the UT signal must be reflected at least once in order to detect and measure near surface cracks. Radiographic testing is typically used in cases where surface features or part complexity do not allow for ET or UT. While RT detectability for...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the graphitizing balance of an iron. A chill specimen is cast either as an elongated wedge in a sand mold or as a bar cast against a metal chiller on one side. After a few minutes, the test specimen is broken, and the depth of carbidic white iron chill indicates the balance between carbon, silicon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-to-surface-area ratios are for square plates. Tension and transverse tests on bars cast specifically for such tests are the most common for evaluating the strength of gray iron. Yield strength, elongation, and reduction of area are seldom determined for gray iron in standard tension tests...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... also explains where to look for evidence and how to collect samples for various types of testing. In addition, the article provides an introduction to fracture mechanics and explains how to predict and avoid fractures, including fatigue fracture, through testing and computational techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... polishing of the implanted material. Bundy et al. ( Ref 5 ) performed an in vivo investigation in which ring-stressed tension samples were used where the stress level could be controlled in a notched test specimen. They tested specimens where both the ring and the stressed sample were made from the same...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... steel mechanical components Fractures obtained in tension in low-carbon steel specimens that were tested at elevated temperature. The specimens were taken from a series of 225-kg (500-lb) laboratory heats melted to yield a range of carbon contents (0.04 to 0.08%) and a range of Mn:S ratios (11:1...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... lowering of hardness and strength. However, thin sections may be represented by the left-hand downward-sloping portion. Figure 4 shows the effect of section size on the average tensile strength of five classes of irons. Section sensitivity effects are used in the form of a wedge test in production...