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wear maps

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Book Chapter

By S.C. Lim
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the usefulness of wear maps and explains how to construct a proper wear map from scratch and effectively employ such a map to make important design decisions for a particular tribological situation. It discusses three categories of wear-data presentation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of tribological parameters on the material response is presented using the wear map concept, which is very useful and informative in several respects. The article concludes with guidelines for the selection of suitable surface treatments to avoid wear failures. abrasive wear fretting wear rolling-sliding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in tribological interactions. In other words, there is unlikely to be a theory that is applicable for every situation of wear. One approach to address this limitation is through the use of wear maps. A wear map elucidates the wear behaviors of a pair of materials over a specific range of operating conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... in reporting wear behavior in the form of so-called wear maps. A wear map is an attempt to summarize a great deal of information in graphical format, making trends more immediately obvious and the data more digestible. A wear map typically plots two or more variables that affect wear rates or wear processes...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... One way to depict the influence of more than one variable at a time on a particular type of wear is through the construction of what are called “wear maps.” Wear maps are graphical representations in which two or more independent variables are plotted against a third dependent variable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... contact. Adapted from Ref 45 , 46 Fig. 12 Illustration of the fretting map approach. PSR, partial slip regime; MFR, mixed fretting regime; GSR, gross slip regime. Adapted from Ref 42 Fig. 13 Comparison between (a) Archard approach and (b) friction energy wear approach to quantify...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... is particularly severe because it is also characterized by large-scale aluminum transfer to the counterface ( Ref 3 ). Transitions also can occur in wear behavior, and wear maps are used to provide a graphical representation of transition boundaries. Wear Maps The development of wear maps is a useful way...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract The influence of friction and wear on the function and structure of tribological systems is determined by various types of tribological tests. This article introduces the general categories of tribological testing and describes the basic objectives of testing. It reviews...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... comparing wear of various materials, the extent of wear is typically characterized as a change in weight or, in the case of sliding, by measuring the volume of the wear track with a profilometer. The results can be presented in wear maps, in which the two dominating factors form the axis and the extent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... of the carburized specimens varied from 0 to 2.4 mm 3 for 1 km of sliding, while the nontreated specimens varied from 1.1 to 11 mm 3 for 1 km of sliding, as illustrated in the wear maps ( Fig. 11 ). Carburization reduces wear by over a factor of four under these conditions. In addition, the wear debris...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... are captured for Ti-6-4 and shown on top ( Ref 12 , 13 ). Wear mechanisms for gross slip fretting motion are shown in the bottom right for L605 ( Ref 14 ). Fig. 3 Fretting wear damage map showing mode of damage as a function of relative displacement between components. Source: Ref 11 , 12 , 13 , 14...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... parameters. Therefore, materials can exhibit transitions in wear behavior as a result of changes in other operational parameters, such as load, velocity, and friction ( Ref 7 ). The wear map for unlubricated sliding between steels ( Fig. 2 ) illustrates such transitions ( Ref 8 ). Fig. 2 Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... can also result in mild-severe wear transitions. Often these types of transitions are sharp ( Fig. 2 ). While mild-severe wear transitions are generally the most significant in engineering, transitions can also occur in mild and severe wear behavior. Wear maps are a graphical representation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... behavior of aluminum alloys, aluminum-base composites, and metal-matrix composites. It presents the effect of material-related parameters and external factors on wear behavior and transitions of aluminum-silicon alloys. The article also presents the most important factors affecting the dry sliding wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... abradable coatings sprayed to optimum hardness levels are given in Fig. 15(a–c) . The results are provided in the form of wear maps showing shroud incursion wear mechanisms and percentage blade wear (blade height loss, or gain, as a percent fraction of the total incursion depth into the shroud...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... The study of glassy thermoplastic surfaces has mainly focused on understanding the damage processes under a variety of experimental and ambient conditions ( Ref 32 , 33 ). For example, damage modes can be studied using the concept of wear maps. Figure 11 gives such a map of PMMA for different normal load...
Book Chapter

By Koji Kato
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of different microstructure and material properties from those of the underlying bulk material. Smooth Wear Surface in Dry Sliding Friction In frictional pairs of both metal-metal and ceramic-ceramic, the ultramild or mild wear regime is identified on the wear maps of steels ( Ref 28 ) and ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the concept of wear maps. Figure 10 shows such a map of PMMA for different normal load and imposed strain conditions. A range of studies have been carried out by Briscoe and coworkers ( Ref 33 , 34 ) in order to understand the role of the third body in fretting wear of PMMA. In their study of PMMA...
Book Chapter

By P.H. Shipway
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... be concluded that accumulation of debris between surfaces in compacted layers is more likely to reduce further wear, and abrasion by the oxide debris does not significantly contribute to the problem. Fretting Loops, Maps, and Regimes Fretting loops are force-displacement curves commonly used to describe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., ρ P is the density of the erosive particle, U P is the particle velocity, f (α) is the angle of impact dependency function, and ε c is the critical plastic strain at which detachment of wear debris occurs. The erosion dependency on hardness for brittle surfaces is more complex with theories...