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wear debris

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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 12 Wear debris and wear track trace for nontreated and treated 316 stainless steel. The wear track trace was measured using atomic force microscopy (AFM); a deeper trace indicates more material removed. Source: Ref 41 More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 16 Micrographs of wear tracks on and multiangular wear debris of flat single-crystal SiC {0001} surface after ten passes of aluminum pin in vacuum. (a) Multiangular SiC wear debris particle. (b) Multiangular SiC wear debris particles with transferred aluminum wear debris. Vacuum pressure More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 25 Regions of wear identified by wear debris morphology and worn surface topography of aluminum and the counterface. (a) Fine equiaxed particle formation. (b) Compact delamination. (c) Plastic delamination. (d) Gross material transfer. Adapted from Ref 162 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 27 Wear scar and wear debris from an untreated compacted graphite iron specimen after 72,000 impacts. Reprinted from Ref 36 with permission from Elsevier More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 28 Wear scar and wear debris from a 2 mm (0.08 in.) induction-hardened compacted graphite iron specimen after 72,000 impacts. Reprinted from Ref 36 with permission from Elsevier More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 29 Wear scar and wear debris from a 3 mm (0.12 in.) induction-hardened compacted graphite iron specimen after 72,000 impacts. Reprinted from Ref 36 with permission from Elsevier More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 21 Ceramic wear debris formed from oxide layer removal on Al 2 O 3 -SiC w disk specimen following 1200 °C (2192 °F) sliding in air. Source: Ref 134 More
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 3 Graphical comparison of wear debris generated from different types of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) demonstrating that there is less debris generated by metal-on-metal implants than by metal-on-polymer articulation. UHMWPE, ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene. Sources: Metal More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 3 Metallic, flakelike wear debris from the test in Fig. 2 . The faces of the particles display the smeared appearance of the plastically deformed surface from which they originated. More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 17 Micrographs of wear debris on single-crystal SiC {0001} surface after ten passes of SiC pin in vacuum. (a) Gross hexagonal pits on SiC pin. (b) Hexagonal and flat wear particle transferred to SiC flat. Vacuum pressure, 10 –8 Pa; room temperature More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 28 Schematic illustration of one process by which a particle of wear debris is detached during sliding wear. As the surfaces slide across one another, (a) a bonded junction is torn from (b) one asperity, then is sheared off by an adjacent asperity to form the (c) particle of wear debris More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 3 (a) Visual inspection of wear debris produced by a brake pad/rotor system. The presence of dark particles (mainly magnetite) is a clear indication of the tribo-oxidative contribution of the rotor. (b) Optical microscopy observation of the surface of a cast iron pin after dry sliding More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Fretting is a wear phenomenon that occurs between two mating surfaces; initially, it is adhesive in nature, and vibration or small-amplitude oscillation is an essential causative factor. Fretting generates wear debris, which oxidizes, leading to a corrosion-like morphology...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Wear of metals occurs by plastic displacement of surface and near-surface material, and by detachment of particles that form wear debris. This article presents a table that contains the classification of wear. It describes the testing and evaluation of wear and talks about the abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Implant debris is known to cause local inflammation, local osteolysis, and, in some cases, local and systemic hypersensitivity. The debris can be stainless steel, cobalt alloy, and titanium alloy, and soluble debris obtained due to wear from all orthopedic implants. This article...
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Published: 01 January 2002
thinning of fibers; 3, interfacial separation of fiber and matrix; 4, fiber cracking; 5, back-transferred polymer or organic fibers (film and layered wear debris) showing delamination and cracking; 6, metallic and wear debris transferred from the counterface; 7, pulled-out or peeled-off fiber pieces More
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Published: 15 May 2022
; 3, interfacial separation of fiber and matrix; 4, fiber cracking; 5, back-transferred polymer or organic fibers (film and layered wear debris) showing delamination and cracking; 6, metallic and wear debris transferred from the counterface; and 7, pulled-out or peeled-off fiber pieces More
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Published: 01 January 2002
. 1, wear of matrix by plowing, cracking, cutting as a result of plastic deformation; 2, wear thinning of fiber or tip resulting in elliptical, well-polished tip; 3, matrix cracking; 4, edge delamination and fiber fibrillation; 5, fiber cracking; 6, pulverized fiber wear debris; 7, deterioration More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... compound-impact wear. Most of the situations described previously involve impact with a small amount of sliding. Compound-impact wear has been shown to lead to much higher wear rates than normal impact alone ( Ref 2 , 3 ). This is thought to be due to enhanced removal of wear debris that occurs...
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Published: 31 December 2017
by indenting hard asperities of contacting bodies or hard particles (microcutting, microplowing, microcracking). (c) Adhesion. Formation and rupture of adhesive interfacial cold weld spots, materials transfer, and generation of wear debris. (d) Tribochemical reaction. Chemical materials/atmosphere/lubricant More