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water-miscible fluids

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., advantages and limitations of cutting and grinding fluids, such as cutting oils, water-miscible fluids, gaseous fluids, pastes, and solid lubricants along with their subtypes. It discusses the factors considered during the selection of cutting fluid, focusing on machinability (or grindability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Table 1 Selection guide for metalworking fluids for finishing operations Work materials Thread gear, form Centerless cylindrical Internal Surface Abrasive cutoff Free-machining steel (low-medium carbon) MD oil, HD water LD oil, MD-HD water (miscible) GP water (miscible) LD-GP water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and the properties of the SBT are governed less by the terminal organo-functional groups than the polydimethylsiloxane portion of the molecule. In those cases, the SBT becomes more of a surface modifier, contributing lubricity, low surface energy, and water repellency ( Ref 16 ). While high-viscosity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...-), which react with various forms of hydroxyl (-OH) and liberate methanol or ethanol. Sufficient water for hydrolysis may be present in the atmosphere or associated with the substrate. These groups create linkages with inorganic substrates, pigments, fillers, or even hydroxyl functional polymers to improve...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...; ceramic tooling is particularly sensitive in this regard The cooling from cutting fluids is generally related to their thermal properties. In general, cooling efficiency is less for an oil than for an emulsion and is greatest with a water solution. Frictional effects, however, may complicate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Rust and corrosion represent damage done to metal surfaces through attack of atmospheric oxygen and acidic products. The rust and corrosion rate, which is usually low, increases greatly in the presence of water and polar impurities. Internal-combustion engines contain all the elements necessary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in water emulsion fluids. This class of fluids includes glycols, polyethers, and poly-alkylene glycols. Properties of the class include excellent hydrolytic stability, high viscosity index, and low volatility. The most prevalent usage is as a component of fire-resistant hydraulic fluids. Phosphate Esters...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., with fugacity given in atmospheres) between FeCO 3 and Fe 3 O 4 stability fields in the produced fluid, which contained CO 2 , water, and traces of hydrogen. Curves 1 and 2 locate boundaries for locations 5180 m (17,000 ft) deep and at the wellhead, respectively, of a 170,000 m 3 /day (6,000,000 ft 3 /day...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... tool and workpiece. Large quantities of cutting fluid are needed to keep the workpiece and cutting tool cool during high-speed machining operations. Water-base fluids are more efficient than oils. A weak solution of rust inhibitor and/or water-soluble oil (5 to 10%) is the most practical fluid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... on the difference of the pipe discharge height versus the suction tank fluid surface height Fluid viscosity if different from water The steps to select the proper size of a centrifugal pump are: Determine the necessary flow rate. Determine the static head. Determine the friction head...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... an internal rinsing flow pattern (in the inward radial direction) superimposed on the main axial flow. The transpiring water forms a lower-temperature fluid boundary that prevents direct contact of the hot corrosive media with the pressure-bearing wall, thus reducing the potential for degradation. In addition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the air flow across the wet primer. Surfactants and water-miscible cosolvents may cause water sensitivity if the primer is exposed to harsh environments before it is completely cured. When a waterborne primer is supplied as an emulsion, viscosity may be substantially higher than with a solvent-based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... ( Ref 89 , 81 , 91 , 92 , 93 ). Ionic liquids are miscible with both organic and inorganic lubricants, including water, synthetic oil, mineral oil, and even formulated oil because of their unique molecular structure. In this section, application of ILs as lubricant additives is introduced. Oil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., and soluble-gas atomization are all used in commercial production, but two-fluid atomization methods with gas (including air) or water account for more than 95% of atomization capacity worldwide ( Ref 1 ). This article describes the key process variables and production factors for the industrially applied...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Dini J.W. , Fundamentals of Chemical Milling , Am. Mach. , July 1984 , p 113 – 128 12. Sluhan C.A. , Grinding with Water Miscible Fluids , Grinding—Theory, Techniques and Troubleshooting , Batheja C. and Lindsay R.P. , Ed., Society of Manufacturing Engineers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... properties, such as water miscibility, dispersion stability, film formation, and surface finish. Brittleness The epoxy primer is brittle, especially at low temperatures (−51 °C, or −60 °F). This can result in extensive cracking of the paint system in highly flexed areas of the aircraft. Sealants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... fluid for ultrasonic NDI of a porous or delaminated panel. It has already been shown to be effective in proving that most cleaning solvents applied to an unprimed surface actually contaminate the surface and need to be removed by water-soluble solvents such as alcohol. This issue is discussed in Ref 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... mixtures were evaluated as permanent ballast waters for 316L double hull vessels ( Ref 60 ). The compounds are attractive as ballast liquids because they will have minimal impact if the outer hull is breached and the glycols are released to the environment. Both have low volatility and are miscible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
.... It should be noted that one risk for PAM process development is bioburden concerns with water as the paste solvent. Residence time and temperature should be assessed for potential risks as it may pertain to a specific paste formulation. While specific aseptic processing may not be required, it should...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is an additional example. Example 1: SCC of a Type 304 Stainless Steel Pipe Caused by Residual Welding Stresses A 150 mm (6 in.) schedule 80S type 304 stainless steel pipe (11 mm, or 0.432 in., wall thickness), which had served as an equalizer line in the primary loop of a pressurized-water reactor...