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water-miscible fluids

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., advantages and limitations of cutting and grinding fluids, such as cutting oils, water-miscible fluids, gaseous fluids, pastes, and solid lubricants along with their subtypes. It discusses the factors considered during the selection of cutting fluid, focusing on machinability (or grindability) of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (miscible) Cast iron HD water (miscible) GP water (miscible) GP water (miscible) GP water (miscible) Water (miscible) Magnesium and alloys LD oil, SP fluids LD oil, SP fluids LD oil, SP fluids LD oil, SP fluids LD oil, SP fluids Aluminum and alloys HD water (miscible) HD water (miscible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... are highly specialized in protective finishes such as zinc-rich primers, masonry treatments for water repellency, or cement coatings into which they are compounded directly for improved physical properties and water repellency. Silicates are derived primarily from tetra alkoxy silanes. In contrast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coatings. Source: Ref 9 This section discusses silicone alkyds, silicone epoxies, and polysiloxanes. While SBT suppliers have, for decades, advocated the utility of SBT for water-based architectural coatings, commercial activity has been limited to solvent-based segments of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
..., which depends on the length and diameter of the piping systems, including all fittings Static head, which is dependent on the difference of the pipe discharge height versus the suction tank fluid surface height Fluid viscosity if different from water The steps to select the proper size of a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... slower when humidity is high. Drying can be assisted by increasing the air flow across the wet primer. Surfactants and water-miscible cosolvents may cause water sensitivity if the primer is exposed to harsh environments before it is completely cured. When a waterborne primer is supplied as an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... will render the penetrant tank useless. For postemulsifiable penetrants, water contamination is not as critical a problem, because water is usually not miscible with postemulsifiable penetrants and will separate from the penetrant, which can then be subsequently removed. Water contamination can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... different molecular formula than those of the monomers from which it was produced. For example, polyester polymers are formed by the reaction of acids and alcohols, with water as a by-product. Average molecular weight builds slowly, with a polydispersity index close to 2. Condensation polymers are subject...
Book Chapter

By David V. Neff
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... bottom of the lance and then agglomerates and rises quickly to the surface. The rate of rise increases with bubble size, and the bubble accelerates as it climbs toward the surface. Fig. 4(a) depicts a water model showing that a static lance only influences a small volume of fluid surrounding the lance...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... outline of conventional plaster molding is given in the following sequence of operations for producing conventional plaster molds: Mix dry ingredients Add dry ingredients to water Soak (0.5 to 4 min) Mix (0.5 to 5 min) Coat patterns (or core boxes) with parting agents Pour slurry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article provides a description of the classification, industrial applications, microstructures, physical, chemical, corrosion, and mechanical properties of zirconium and its alloys. It discusses the formation of oxide films and the effects of water, temperature, and pH on...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... into position within the coils by hydraulic cylinders. Fig. 6 Foundry installation of high-frequency induction lift swing furnaces A coreless induction furnace comprises a water-cooled copper coil in a furnace box made of steel or Transite. The metal is contained in a crucible or in a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Alternatively, the sample can be melted in a platinum crucible to yield a homogeneous sample. Many samples for wet chemical analysis are in the aqueous phase, such as effluent from a chemical plant, runoff from a parking lot, or stream water. However, many samples that require...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... materials  Bone china … … Bone ash, china clay, quartz, feldspars Pure white, translucent, high strength, zero water absorption  Porcelain … … China clay, feldspars, quartz Pure white, bluish, or off white; translucent; high strength; zero water absorption  Hotelware … … Quartz, ball...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... a pungent, garliclike odor, insoluble in water but miscible with most polar organic solvents. At no time is there any free HCl produced. Because NaOH is used, the co-product is NaCl. In an alkaline solution of sodium hydroxide, NaOH forms DGEBA of the structural formula shown in Fig. 4 . Fig. 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... polymers are composed of an ionic polymer backbone that has been cross-linked to form an immobilized ionic gel, rendering them highly hydrated but water insoluble. The concentration of ion-exchange groups in such a structure is generally in the 1–5 molar range. The affinity of ions for ion-exchange...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... occur between a plastic part and an environmental substance. A common example is the hydrolysis of polyamide when exposed to hot water, resulting in lowered molecular weight and degraded mechanical properties. Environmental stress cracking is a phenomenon in which a stressed part develops crazing and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., they are quenched in water. All castings, except those of alloy C82000, may be solution heated in air and water quenched immediately after removal from the furnace. Alloy C82000 must be solution treated in a protective atmosphere, such as cracked ammonia or natural gas. The duration of the solution...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...), boiling water, an aqueous solution of polyalkaline glycol, or some other fluid medium, such as forced air or mist. If appreciable precipitation during cooling is to be avoided, two requirements must be satisfied. First, the time required for transfer of the load from the furnace to the quenching...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... 445–459. The effect of absorbed moisture on the T g is invariably to lower it. This is consistent with the role of water as a plasticizer. As a rule of thumb, the more water absorbed, the lower the T g . For this reason, a nonpolar plastic such as PS is less...