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water injection systems

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are explained by the varying characteristics of oil wells and gas wells. Water injection systems and pipelines are also discussed. The article describes the factors that influence the corrosivity of produced fluids and the various treatments applicable for oil, gas, and pumping wells. It examines the primary...
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 2 Real-time monitoring of chemical injection in a cooling-water system with online corrosion rate and pitting tendencies (localization index). October 10—Chemical treatment program transition: Inhibitor was turned off, acid addition was stopped, blowdown was increased, and dispersant More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003700
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... dewpoint is shifted by the addition of the water wash. This practice must be carefully studied to determine the proper amount and injection location due to the complexities of the multiphase system ( Ref 3 ). Catalytic and Thermal Cracking Units Catalytic and thermal cracking units such as fluid...
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 12 Water-treatment system characterized at locations 1 to 5 using molecular microbiological method. Sample descriptions and the principal member of the microbial community in each case are: (1) source water, Acidovorax ; (2) biofilm at well head—microbial community shown in Fig. 13 ; (3 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... common occurrence in water-injection systems (see the discussion “Corrosion in Secondary Recovery Operations” in this article). A number of the properties of oxygen contribute to its uniqueness as a corrosive. Oxygen almost by definition is a strong oxidant. This means that even trace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Because of the entry of water at the tip orifice in a water-injection torch, the quality of water is more critical than that used in water-shielded cutting. A plant water system that has high levels of dissolved minerals may require water softeners in conjunction with the system in order to avoid rapid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
.../coating bonding, eliminating much of the porosity typically found in conventional flame-sprayed coatings. Process Equipment Basic components of a detonation gun system are much like that of a conventional flame spray system and include: Gas supply: oxygen, fuel, nitrogen Water cooling...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... The injection end of a hot chamber die casting machine is shown in Fig. 1 . Fig. 1 Basic components of a typical hot chamber die casting system Melting Process The holding furnace, which can also serve as a melting furnace if a central melting facility is not used, has traditionally been gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to corrosion and cavitation/erosion. It can be a source of class 1 rouge in the system. Fig. 24 Investment cast impeller surface roughened by cavitation/erosion in water for injection service. The white ridges are harder delta ferrite, and the dark areas are the softer interdendritic austenite...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Integrated automation systems can tie together the liquid metal pouring, injection shot control, die cooling system, casting extraction robot, and die spray application. In the finishing operation, the finishing cell can either tie with the casting process system or have an individual finishing operation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...: Depressing pH or adding sequestrants and dispersants in a cooling water system Increasing chelant or dispersant feed to a boiler Injecting inhibited mineral acid into the cooling water stream in front of a heat exchanger for a few minutes and neutralizing it downstream The first two examples may...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... in cupola equipment, including preheated air blast, recuperative hot blast systems, and duplex electric holders. It discusses the shell, intermittent or continuous tapping, tuyere and blower systems, refractory lining, water-cooled cupolas, emission-control systems, and storage and handling of the charge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., the desired product is a clean, relatively low-temperature heat, and this can be gas (for drying, or forced gas domestic heating systems) or warm water, again for heating systems. The conversion from a relatively hot combustion gas with a number of unacceptable impurities to this clean, lower-temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... In reality, the feedstock formation, injection molding, and debinding steps are all dependent on the binder system that is used. The binder composition and the debinding technique used to remove the binder cleanly from the MIM parts form the basis for the difference between the technology and process used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... transmission systems that carry water vapor in the gas phase. Under normal operating conditions, gas transmission pipelines carry undersaturated gas processed by upstream dehydrating units. These pipelines are generally operated with no protection or inhibition and rely on the performance of the dehydrating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... into a suppression pool (torus) and, depending on the amount of coolant loss, water is injected and sprayed into the core from a separate condensate storage tank. The overall event is contained in the drywell and wetwell of the reactor. Pressurized Water Reactor ECCS In the PWR, the reactor coolant system...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... employed molding and casting processes. Classification system for foundry processes based on mold type Table 1 Classification system for foundry processes based on mold type Expendable mold processes/Permanent patterns Clay/water bonds (green sand molding) Silica sand Olivine sand...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... silicon nitride, silicon carbide, alumina, and zirconia. Disadvantages of the process include difficulty in removing the liquid and toxicity of the monomers. However, recent developments include a lowering of the toxicity of the monomer components and a shift to a water-based system. Process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... anions commonly found in drinking water with the IonPac (Thermo Fisher Scientific) AS9-HC column and the AG9-HC column. Column dimensions: 4 mm (0.16 in.) internal diameter (ID) by 50 mm (2 in.) and 4 mm ID by 250 mm (10 in.); eluent: 9 mM sodium carbonate; flow rate: 1 mL/min; injection volume: 25 μL...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... is an analytical technique that uses columns packed with ion exchange resins to separate ions in aqueous solutions and dynamically elute them to a detector. Figure 1 shows the components of an ion chromatograph. A pump transfers eluent and sample through the system. A valve provides for the injection of sample...