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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... the personnel and equipment requirements, as well as the joints used in the process. The power source, plasma control console, water cooler, welding torch, and gas supply system for the plasma and shielding gases are also reviewed. Current and Operating Modes Principles of Operation Advantages...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of a basic PAW system, namely the power source, plasma control console, water cooler, welding torch, and gas supply system for the plasma and shielding gases. The article provides information on the applications of the PAW process and discusses the typical components and joints used. It concludes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005851
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
.... 2 Calcium-clogged water paths due to high-conductivity water Fig. 4 Schematic of induction cooling system with air-cooled tower with a water-to-water trim cooler. Courtesy of Dry Coolers Inc. Fig. 5 Air-cooled tower that uses an atomized mist assist option. Courtesy of Dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005899
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... in a tandem plant. Courtesy of ABP Induction Systems Fig. 25 Diverting heat losses through (a) water-water heat exchanger, (b) enclosed cooling tower, and (c) air/water cooler Fig. 19 Power draw of a 6-pulse bridge circuit. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 20 Principle of tandem plants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... the steam surface condenser cooling system that condenses the main process steam for reuse in the cycle. Service water systems cool a wide range of plant components, some common to most power plants regardless of fuel type, including turbine lubricating oil coolers, generator hydrogen coolers, and pump...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... (synthetic gas) coolers and then water quenched to remove particulates and water-soluble impurities such as NH 3 and chlorides. After quenching, H 2 S is removed in one of several commercially available gas-purification systems, for instance, the Selexol process. The purified gas is then fed to a gas...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Copper alloy C70600 tube from a hydraulic-oil cooler. The cooler failed from crevice corrosion caused by dirt particles in river water that was used as a coolant. (a) Inner surface of hydraulic-oil cooler tube containing a hole (arrow A) and nodules (one of which is indicated by arrow B) formed from...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... The solidified strands are intermittently withdrawn in a pull-pause sequence by means of withdrawal equipment. After leaving the graphite die, which is housed within the primary cooler, the cast strands pass through a secondary cooler in the form of a water sparge that removes the surplus heat contained...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... are shown. The dark brown areas are exterior insulating finishing systems (EIFS); the remaining walls are concrete masonry units (CMU). Fig. 5 Large water-filled blister on the exterior of a concrete masonry unit wall Fig. 6 A single-coat alkyd applied to canopy steel in an exterior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... 3 process involves the oxidation of a preheated air-ammonia mixture in the presence of a catalyst at approximately 925 °C (1700 °F). The resulting gas, consisting of various oxides of nitrogen, water vapor, and air, passes through heat-recovery equipment, a cooler condenser, and an absorption tower...
Book Chapter

By J.R. Keough
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... capabilities of the system being used. Some systems simply use oversized tanks and depend on convection cooling. Other systems, depending on the system manufacturer or design, have either forced-air cooling jackets, surface mounting water plate coolers, or immersion coolers to maintain the desired temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of strength limitations. Admiralty brass (C44300) tubes have been extensively used in water-cooled condensers and coolers at most refineries. However, in general, copper alloys suffer accelerated corrosion in both acidic and alkaline environments containing sulfur species. Therefore, they have often performed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... into the cooler interior by the process of thermal diffusion until the sample reaches an internal equilibrium state, where the injected thermal energy is distributed uniformly throughout the sample. Transient flaw detection is based on differences in thermal conductivity of the flaw and surrounding material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... cracking in water-cooled generators. corrosion crevice-corrosion cracking stress-corrosion cracking corrosion magnetic rate water-cooled generator A SIGNIFICANT DISCOVERY in the corrosion of generators occurred in the 1990s—crevice-corrosion cracking in water-cooled generators. Before...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005958
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... cooler. Beyond the martensite cooler the strip is martensitic and fully hardened, and then it passes through the tempering section—consisting of a leveling furnace, tempering furnace equipped with an atmosphere recirculation system, and an atmosphere jet cooler—to finally leave the facility, completely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... dry to be used as a protective atmosphere for high-carbon steels because small amounts of water vapor in the nitrogen will cause decarburization. Molecular nitrogen is reactive with many stainless steels and cannot be used in their heat treatment in many instances. Atomic nitrogen (created...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to eliminate corrosion problems from the high temperature. The cooler/filter approach uses stainless steel for the first-stage scrubber and an epoxy coating for the remainder of the system to avoid corrosion from the condensed water. During manufacture of synthetic fibers, the process can generate a number...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., or 0.1 in., diameter) with current flow directed perpendicular to the light path. Because of the high temperatures involved during the atomization stage of the furnace-heating program, connecting electrodes were water cooled. This resulted in a temperature gradient along the Massmann furnace and cooler...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... rivet holes and other areas of high stress when boiler water contained caustic soda (NaOH) or the boiler water chemistry was conducive to the formation of caustic soda ( Ref 4 ). In their 1926 paper, “The Cause and Prevention of Embrittlement of Boiler Plate,” researchers at the University of Illinois...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is an additional example. Example 1: SCC of a Type 304 Stainless Steel Pipe Caused by Residual Welding Stresses A 150 mm (6 in.) schedule 80S type 304 stainless steel pipe (11 mm, or 0.432 in., wall thickness), which had served as an equalizer line in the primary loop of a pressurized-water reactor...