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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of Corrosion Probe, Inc. Fig. 1 Municipal wastewater collection system Fig. 2 Wastewater treatment system Fig. 9 Anaerobic digester types. Courtesy of Corrosion Probe, Inc. Fig. 10 Corroded cast iron pipe. Courtesy of Corrosion Probe, Inc. Fig. 8 Gravity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article provides information on predesign surveys and the various testing procedures associated with wastewater treatment plants. These include soil testing, atmospheric testing, and hydrogen sulfide testing. The primary parameters that influence the production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... to ensure proper installation of a dual-lining system. The industrial applications that illustrate the corrosion resistance and some uses of monolithic linings, as well as other applications in wastewater treatment systems and the chemical industry, are discussed. chemical-setting ceramic lining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... The article examines the corrosion problems in high-yield mechanical pulping, sulfite process, neutral sulfite semichemical pulping, chemical recovery, tall oil plants, wastewater treatment, and recovery boilers. It explains the stages of chlorine-based and nonchlorine bleaching, process water reuse...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fig. 1 Corroded low-carbon steel light pole due to corrosive atmosphere at a wastewater treatment plant on a military installation Fig. 2 Close-up of corrosion at the base of the pole shown in Fig. 1 Fig. 3 Corrosion pattern on a mild steel pedestrian guardrail...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Selection Chloro-Alkali Plants Nitric Acid Plants Sulfuric Acid Plant Sulfur Dioxide Service Fertilizer Industry Lime Kiln and Similar Kiln Operations Pulp and Paper Industry Groundwater Treatment—Emission Control Industrial Wastewater Treatment Equipment Metal Fabrication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and groundwater. The procedure that is most heavily regulated by the Clean Water Act, and probably most costly to deal with, is the discharge of wastewaters to either surface waters or to publicly owned treatment works (POTWs). NPDES Permits Requirements of Dischargers Requirements of Technology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and biomaterials. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), pH, Langelier index (related to scale formation and corrosion), and sulfide generation are important considerations in selecting materials for service in wastewater and atmospheric service in wastewater treatment plants...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of Steel and Reinforced Concrete Structures Hydrogen sulfide gas is very aggressive to reinforced concrete structures in wastewater treatment plants. Figure 5 provides views of severe corrosion of a wastewater tunnel structure. Note the failed lining repairs. Structures of concern are sludge storage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... problem in concrete sewers, mortar-lined ductile iron pipes, concrete manholes, and wastewater treatment plants and equipment ( Fig. 8 ). Most Desulfovibrio will only grow in the pH range 5 to 10 and the temperature range 5 to 45 °C (40 to 115 °F), up to a pressure limit of approximately 50 MPa (500...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., lacquers, and silicates will satisfactorily adhere to the coating and will enhance the lubricity, durability, appearance, and corrosion resistance of the surface. No baking for embrittlement relief is required prior to or after supplementary treatment. Before choosing a wastewater treatment system...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... • Roy C.H. , The Operation and Maintenance of Surface Finishing Wastewater Treatment Systems , American Electroplaters and Surface Finishers Society , p 1 – 199 Tin-lead is the most commonly used of these processes because of its simplicity and low cost. It is especially popular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... engineering applications substrate material wastewater treatment COPPER ALLOYS are widely used as electroplated coatings, and they can be used with practically any substrate material that is suitable for electroplating. While alloys such as copper-gold and copper-gold-nickel are commonly electroplated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... describes the controlling procedures of coating weight and crystal size. It provides guidelines for choosing phosphate coatings based on application, coating weight requirements, and recommended process parameters. The article concludes with a discussion on safety precautions and the treatment of effluents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( No. 2 ), 1998 , p 159 – 164 45. Iverson A. , “ MIC on Stainless Steels in Wastewater Treatment Plants Field Tests and a Risk Assessment ,” Paper 02451, Corrosion 2002, NACE International , 2002 46. Dickinson W.H. , Caccavo F. , Olesen B. , and Lewandowski Z...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the water phase so it can be released to the sanitary sewer for further treatment by the local wastewater treatment company. The water phase should not go into a waterway. The oil that is discarded of can be rerefined or used in the supplemental fuels program. The disposal of grinding fines is another...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... preparation wastewater treatment COPPER PLATING DEPOSITS are used for both functional and decorative applications. They are used widely as underplates in multiplate systems, as barrier coatings, as stopoffs in heat treatment, and for heat transfer (e.g., as heat sinks). They also find use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... The noncyanide baths have the benefit of reduced restrictions for wastewater treatment as well as air scrubbing. These baths can experience the downside risk of reduced throwing power when attempting to attain uniform coverage down a blind hole. Regardless of the bath type, there is an inherent risk that must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... chlorinated oxidizing environment for approximately 66 h at 600 °C (1110 °F). Source: Ref 27 Fig. 2 A downflow vertical vessel waste treatment system based on supercritical water oxidation technology. Circled numbers are explained in text. Source: Adapted from Ref 13 Fig. 3 The main...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... is an important prerequisite of any coating process. Suitable levels of cleanliness and surface roughness are achieved by various mechanical and nonmechanical methods. If castings are heat treated before they are coated, the choice of heat treatment conditions can influence the properties of the coating...