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waste-to-energy boiler

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article describes the corrosion modes in a waste-to-energy boiler. It discusses the corrosion protection and alloy performance with an emphasis on two main areas of the boiler: furnace water walls and super heaters. waste-to-energy boiler corrosion protection high...
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 1 The overlay cladding, approximately 2 mm (80 mils) thick of alloy 625 (UNS N06625) overlay superheater tube, was corroded away in 15 months in a waste-to-energy boiler. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract The primary fossil fuels are generally defined as coal, oil, natural gas, tar sands, and shale oil. This article discusses the characteristics and the types of fuels used in fossil and fuel industries. It describes the energy conversion in fuels and outlines the efficiency of a heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... of corrosion-resistant coatings in boilers. The effects of high-temperature corrosion in waste incinerators are detailed. The article also examines the effects of erosion-corrosion in fluidized bed combustion boilers. erosion corrosion fluidized bed combustion boilers hot corrosion high temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... fuel cells, and missile components. This article discusses high-temperature corrosion in boilers, diesel engines, gas turbines, and waste incinerators. Boilers are affected by stress rupture failures, waterside corrosion failures, fireside corrosion failures, and environmental cracking failures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., better established, and more successful. Some of these reasons include: to conserve non-renewable natural resources (both materials and energy), to reduce solid wastes (in particular, to reduce landfill volumes), to reduce hazardous wastes, to make money, and to comply with governmental regulations. Each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Although, many of the principles that apply to Rankine cycle systems also apply to systems using other steam cycles or to systems using working fluids other than steam. Boilers/steam generators work on the principle of conversion of the chemical energy in fuel into thermal energy to generate steam...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... composition, time, and gas composition. High-temperature corrosive environments may include power-generation plants (coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear), pulp and paper mills, waste incineration sites, numerous industrial chemical processes, diesel engines (power, land vehicle, and maritime), and gas turbine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... turbine. Ammonium nitrate deposits have been found in the cooler parts of such waste-heat-recovery boilers, close to the stack. Under normal conditions, the flue gas will be cooled to about 80 °C (175 °F). However, below 170 °C (340 °F), ammonium nitrate is solid and is most likely to be deposited...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... similar to that found in municipal solid waste boilers. A direct correlation of corrosion rate with the coal chlorine content has been reported by researchers in the United Kingdom, where the chlorine concentration available in coal has increased steadily from 0.35 to 0.65% over the last two decades ( Ref...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... industry, has been used as an aggregate in concrete. Even though it contains calcium sulfate, it does not affect the long-term properties of concrete. Waste clay and shale from construction sites have been combined with boiler slag to make perforated bricks. The boiler slag, at 25 to 30 vol%, acts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in this section, while others (hot corrosion, hydrogen interactions, molten salts, aging, molten sand, erosion-corrosion, and environmental cracking) are discussed under sections for boiler tube failures, molten salts for energy storage, and degradation and failures in gas turbines. The presence of molten...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article explains the main types and characteristic causes of failures in boilers and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid with examples. It focuses on the distinctive features of each type that enable the failure analyst...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... then describes the advantages and disadvantages of organic acid cleaning. Applications, including boiler cleaning, stainless steel cleaning, and removal of iron- and copper-bearing deposits, are discussed. The article concludes with an overview of acid cleaning of nonferrous alloys. acid cleaning boiler...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... nickel content such as alloy 625, are the only acceptable materials. It is interesting to note that alloy 625 is also the preferred alloy for waste-to-energy plants, where chlorine is the major corrodent under oxidizing conditions ( Ref 11 ). Fig. 10 Corrosion loss as a function of time of type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... examines the corrosion problems in high-yield mechanical pulping, sulfite process, neutral sulfite semichemical pulping, chemical recovery, tall oil plants, wastewater treatment, and recovery boilers. It explains the stages of chlorine-based and nonchlorine bleaching, process water reuse for elemental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the amine will be most effective. It also determines the amount of amine that will be lost with wasted steam through the vent in a deaerating heater or in steam leaks, as well as the amount that will be lost with boiler blowdown. The vapor-to-liquid distribution ratio (DR) of a neutralizing amine also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Corrosion” in this Volume. Fossil Fuel Power Plants With a goal of higher efficiency, engineers are striving to operate the energy conversion equipment at higher temperatures. Materials selection, materials engineering, and surface engineering technologies play a role in protecting components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... systems have corrosion problems associated with the combustion of fossil fuels, such as oil, gas, and coal, as well as with energy conversion that may involve steam boilers and steam or gas turbines and associated equipment. These systems are addressed elsewhere in this Volume. Combustion of fossil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... by the coal fines and oxidized as a result of the high temperatures. Products of combustion, waste silica, and exhaust gas can erode heat-exchange tubes in a boiler. Burning biomass ( Ref 1 , 2 ) accelerates erosion-corrosion in power plants. Sliding wear can be a challenge on control valves ( Ref 3...