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waste recycling

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and as raw materials for other processes. This article describes the recycling of in-process scrap and industrial wastes (fly ash, red mud, metallurgical waste, and other waste products), and applications of these recycled products. It focuses on environmental regulations such as Resource Conservation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... additional steps, including secondary nickel refining, degreasing, and separation of metallurgical wastes. iron scrap scrap demand scrap processor scrap recycling industry stainless steel scrap superalloy scrap metal recycling RECYCLING can be simply defined as the use of a material over...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., and thermal processes. Thermoplastic-matrix composites are recycled by regrinding, compounding/blending and reprocessing. The article concludes with discussion on the properties of recycled composite fibers. blending industrial waste disposal polymer-matrix composites recycling regrinding...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... materials of high quality. Primary recycling of clean, homogeneous scrap plastics is an established practice in the plastics industry, and it will not be considered in this article. Secondary Recycling Secondary recycling is the reprocessing of scrap or waste plastics by one or more mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of polymer and metal matrix composites. closed loop recycling industrial waste disposal metal matrix composites open loop recycling polymer matrix composites recycling THE RECYCLABILITY of all materials, components, and systems has gained increased international emphasis...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... step in the LCA process is to identify potential improvement pathways. design for recycling environmental burdens life-cycle analysis product design scrap AS LANDFILLS CLOSE and costs of waste disposal increase, manufacturers of industrial and consumer products face a new challenge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., reporting, and recordkeeping, and the liability exposure of the waste generator increases. One solution that helps minimize the impact of all these costs is to set up a recycling program that extends the life of the fluid, therefore decreasing the amount of environmental pollution and eliminating some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... pertaining to co-product generation, recycling, and waste treatment processes are clearly explained. Example of a life-cycle inventory for an unspecified product Table 1 Example of a life-cycle inventory for an unspecified product Substance Amount Inputs Energy from fuels, MJ  Coal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... sustainable use of renewable natural resources, including the protection of wildlife habitats, open spaces, and wilderness. Reduction and disposal of waste: Companies will minimize waste and recycle wherever possible. Wise use of energy: Companies will use environmentally safe energy sources...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...: scrap generated during manufacturing, including rejected parts; same as prompt scrap Post-consumer scrap: scrap generated by recycling discarded products Recyclables: municipal-waste generated post-consumer scrap Salvaging metal from post-consumer scrap is more complex in terms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... MMCs. aluminum matrix composites continuous reinforced aluminum metal matrix composites discontinuous SiC reinforced aluminum metal matrix composites industrial waste disposal recycling THE NEED TO RECYCLE metal-matrix composites (MMCs) to reduce cost and meet environmental goals becomes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... to increase all forms of recycling activity. In 1988, the United States generated 145 million metric tons (160 million tons) of waste. It is anticipated that it may produce more than 180 million metric tons (200 million tons) per year by the year 2000. In 1979, the nation had 18,500 landfills in operation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... recycling became more prevalent, because the source aluminum is now mostly on the ground rather than in it. Secondary aluminum, produced from scrap and waste materials, currently comprises nearly half of the aluminum produced in Europe and North America, and the fraction continues to grow. Metal production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and labeling of waste. It also controls underground storage tanks, sumps, pollution prevention, recyclers, and transporters of waste. The discussion of RCRA in this section is limited to very simple concepts, and the reader should consult a regional EPA office or equivalent state agency for detailed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and may also cause damage to other components of the biota, for example trees. In addition, the chemical impurities play a major role in the corrosion of the fuel systems. The alternative fuels are various; wood, and specifically wood waste from the timber industry, is a major resource. Agricultural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... can be used in such applications as mist elimination, where temperatures are lower. For example, polypropylene can withstand 80 °C (175 °F). Rubber linings can also be used where temperatures are suitable and mechanical damage can be avoided. Waste Incineration In a number of ways, the problems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... using coal as a primary fuel. The combustion process—cyclone, pulverized-coal, or fluidized-bed firing—determines the type and characteristics of the ash. Waste ash, fly ash, and bottom ash are generated in large volumes and must be dealt with in an environmentally acceptable manner. Fly ash comprises...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... and impurity contents, depending upon the processing step from which they result. Gallium-arsenide-based scrap, rather than metallic gallium, represents the bulk of the scrap that is recycled. During the processing of gallium metal into a GaAs device, waste is generated during the GaAs ingot formation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... a maximum of 1,000,000 parts per annum using several molding tools in parallel for one application. Cost-Effectiveness The cost effectiveness of a compression molded application depends on several factors, such as hardware amortization, raw material and energy costs, recycling of trimmed waste...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006960
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... and wastes. The article discusses additive manufacturing hazards, which are broken down into material hazards, equipment/process hazards, and facility hazards. The environmental impact of AM and the development of EH&S standards for AM also are covered in the article. additive manufacturing...