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warm rolling

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... cross section. It provides a discussion on hot rolling, cold rolling, and warm rolling, as well as lubrication in rolling. The article reviews the lubrication for iron-base and nickel-base materials, light metals, copper-base alloys, and titanium alloys. It discusses the wear mechanism in rolling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... forming, and kinematic incremental sheet forming. The article concludes with a discussion on spinning, warm forming, and superplastic forming. aluminum alloys bendability compression bending deep drawing formability forming hydroforming roll bending sheet forming spinning ALUMINUM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... widely used in the forming. It also analyzes the various forming processes of aluminum alloys. The processes include blanking and piercing, bending, press-brake forming, contour roll forming, deep drawing, spinning, stretch forming, rubber-pad forming, warm forming, superplastic forming, explosive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003995
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Abstract Abstract Thermomechanical processing (TMP) refers to various metal forming processes that involve careful control of thermal and deformation conditions to achieve products with required shape specifications and good properties. This article describes TMP methods in producing hot-rolled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Fig. 15 Past, present, and future steel processing steps Fig. 24 Factors influencing the warm rolling of steel. (a) Stress-strain curves for interstitial-free steel rolled according to an idealized schedule A (ε ∼ 2/s). (b) Dependence of stand 5 separating force on rolling temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... °C (1165 °F), 2 h in vacuum (a) (b) (warm rolled and hydrogen outgassed) 220 (32) 750 (109) 49 (a) Properties dependent on adequate time for hydrogen outgassing. (b) Several sequences of warm rolling and annealing; final anneal at 550 °C (1020 °F) Effect of composition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... as between thread rolling and grinding. continuous rolling cutting cylindrical dies die life flaking flat-die rolling grinding internal thread rolling planetary thread rolling radial-infeed rolling rollability seaming tangential rolling thread rolling through-feed rolling warm rolling...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... These derbies are vacuum induction remelted, during which alloying elements can be added and poured into either castings of the desired shape or ingots for subsequent metalworking. The ingots are then formed by hot working processes such as rolling, forging, or extrusion, sometimes followed by secondary warm...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the three characteristics that are important in evaluating and selecting metals for thread rolling, namely, rollability, flaking, and seaming. It reviews the capabilities and limitations of flat-die rolling, radial-infeed rolling, tangential rolling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... of inclusions. Cold or warm working of DU often results in a banded or duplex structure; this persists as a duplex grain size after recrystallization. The average grain size for material rolled to 50% reduction at 300 °C (570 °F) is illustrated in Fig. 2 . This shows the effect of annealing temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... interference contrast light micrograph of NbCr 2 Laves phase. Chemically polished (solution A, Table 2 ) for ∼30 s and etched (solution C, Table 2 ) for ∼30 s Fig. 9 Niobium alloy FS-85 (Nb-28Ta-11W-0.8Zr), 2.8 mm (0.110 in.) thick sheet. Arc melted, hot extruded, warm rolled at 705 °C (1300 °F...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... pulverizing a vacuum-cast ingot. The hot pressed block can be warm rolled to the desired sheet thickness. Unalloyed beryllium is available in two grades, I (instrument grade) and S (structural grade). Typical applications for instrument-grade beryllium include gyroscopes, components in inertial guidance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... to 1200 °C (1650 to 2190 °F) ( Ref 8 ). The wrought product can then be warm rolled to plate or sheet at temperatures between 500 and 600 °C (930 and 1110 °F) to manufacture material with room-temperature tensile ductility of 15 to 20%. Wrought Fe 3 Al alloys do not possess adequate workability for cold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... variations obtained in production runs of specific cold-headed products. It concludes with a discussion on the applications of warm heading. bolt makers cold heading cold heading machine cutting to length defects descaling dies dimensional accuracy headers heat treating lubricating machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., or 1110 to 1185 °F) temperature ranges, and cold or warm working (rolling, swaging) can be done from room temperature to about 400 °C (750 °F). Because of its relatively low ductility, deformation in the β phase is not desirable. Recrystallization of cold-worked material can be performed in the high α...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... merely as a modification of the final hot-working operation. Although precipitation hardening with fine carbonitrides and substructural changes due to warm rolling of austenite-ferrite mixtures can contribute to the strengthening of microalloyed steels, the microstructural feature that ultimately...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
...Abstract Abstract This article introduces the basic characteristics, processes, and product forms associated with the five major categories of aluminum wrought products, namely, flat-rolled products (sheet, plate, and foil); rod, bar, and wire; tubular products; profiles; and forgings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... forming of rocket cases was developed and used very successfully ( Ref 1 , 14 ). Other cold and warm roll forming developments have also been pursued ( Ref 15 ). Most of these roll forming approaches employ fine grain preforms that can be deformed to high strains at slow strain rates. Roll Formed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... of mineral oil. (k) Solid lubricant applied from dispersions in oil, solvent, or water. (l) For hot forming applications only In recent years, a family of organic waterborne polymer dry-film lubricants has been introduced that can be roll coated onto stainless steel coils and moderately warmed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... containers for beverages also led to a boom in the sheet-metal rolling and forming industries, first for steel and then for aluminum. More recently, warm and superplastic forming techniques for aluminum and magnesium sheet alloys have been developed and implemented in the automotive and other industries...