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volatile organic compounds

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... incorporated into the formulation; and volatile components such as solvents, or water in emulsions and their composition. It provides general information on volatile organic compounds. The article describes the film-forming mechanisms of various coating types, namely, lacquers, chemically converting coatings...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and Recovery Act and Clean Air Act. The Clean Air Act requires all states to meet minimum emissions standards for nitrogen-oxygen compounds, volatile organic compounds, and carbon monoxide. ceramic environmental regulations glass in-process scrap industrial waste recycling LIKE MOST...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... formulation, which is often composed of a concentrated lithium salt, such as lithium hexafluorophosphate, in mixtures of volatile organic solvents, such as carbonate solvents, together with small amounts of organic and inorganic additives designed to improve the performance of the battery system. To...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...) Overheating may cause explosive depolymerization. (g) Overheating may cause premature curing of (thermoset) compound. (h) Venting is recommended to remove volatiles and reduce splay. (i) Fiber reinforcement lengths may be severely reduced. (j) Overheating may produce chemical changes in the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... drying, the residual film has flammability characteristics that are comparable to those of petroleum oils or waxes. Solvent-cutback compounds are essentially waxes modified with high-melting-point polar additives, such as soaps. Compounds that use organic solvents as the diluent are applied at room...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... applications. Liquid crystal displays (LCDs), organic compounds that change their light reflection and refraction properties when a current is applied, are the most common substitute for LEDs. For example, LEDs have virtually been replaced by LCDs in one of their original applications—digital watches. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... , The Organic Compounds of Germanium , John Wiley & Sons , 1971 19. Weast R.C. , Ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics , 59th ed. , CRC Press , 1978 , p C-692 to C-697 20. O'Connor J.A. , Chem. Eng. , Vol 59 , 1952 , p 158 21. Lebleu A. , Fossi...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... products to meet this rule. Its method of control is to designate the maximum allowable specific weight of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) per unit volume of material. In Rule 1124 the limits are expressed in grams per liter; other regulations may use pounds per gallon. Following are the definitions used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... coatings, such as waterborne paints with remarkably reduced volatile organic compounds, have been developed and used. The paint systems generally used to protect steel structures and steel sheet from corrosion, and how they deter corrosion, are described in this article. In addition, related standards on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... grade. Pitch emulsions used as pavement sealers. Relatively inexpensive Cross-linked thermosetting resins Bisphenol-F epoxies Lower volatile organic compound (VOC) content than Bis-A epoxies. Better temperature and chemical resistance than Bis-A types. Intermediate temperature and chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... days. Good weather resistance. Excellent chemical resistance. Widely used in maintenance coatings and tank linings Bisphenol-F epoxies Lower volatile organic compound (VOC) content and lower viscosity than bisphenol-A epoxies. Temperature and chemical resistance better than bisphenol-A types but...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Organic coatings are the principal means of corrosion control for the hulls and topsides of ships and for the splash zones on permanent offshore structures. This article describes the surface preparation techniques to determine the performance of organic coating systems. It contains a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... inorganic acids, organic solvents, salts, and as mixtures of several organic acids ( Ref 1 ). They are even used as solvents in chemical reactions. The corrosion of materials by organic acids is also complicated by the virtually unlimited number of possible compounds. The corrosion of metals by organic acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Successful adhesive bonding of organic-matrix composites is dependent on the nature of the adherend surfaces. This article emphasizes the critical importance of proper surface preparation in both thermoset and thermoplastic composites. It provides information on surface preparation for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract Phenols are a class of aromatic organic compounds in which one or more hydroxyl groups are attached directly to the aromatic benzene ring, C6H6. This article describes the development of phenolic resin and the formation of novolac resin and resol resin. Phenolic resol resins are used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003698
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... correlation methods based on linearization of free energy and constants of volatility for estimation of the vapor pressure of organic VCIs. Ways to optimally choose a VCI and control modification of the structures of compounds belonging to various classes for achieving optimum volatility of inhibitors are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... molecular weights, and the lower-molecular-weight components will negatively impact the evaporation loss or volatility. The PAOs have an interesting advantage in that the distinct carbon numbers present are multiples of the feedstock. For instance, the PAO 4 shown has a large majority of C30 compounds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... of thermal spray powders which involves the determination of particle size and/or size distribution and phase analysis by x-ray diffraction. It provides information on preferential volatilization and rapid solidification that influence compositional differences. Wet chemical methods, spectographic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... method of removing pigment because emulsion cleaners contain organic solvents and surfactants, which can dissolve the binders, such as stearates, present in the compounds. Diphase or multiphase emulsions, having concentrations of 1 to 10% in water and used in a power spray washer, yield the best...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract No-bake sand molds are based on curing of inorganic or organic binders with either gaseous catalysts or liquid catalysts. This article reviews the major aspects of no-bake sand bonding in terms of coremaking, molding methods, and sand processing. It discusses the points to be noted in...