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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... total indicator runout of vertical scanners. It presents information on the frequency selection parameters for scanning applications. The article also discusses the critical parameters and production rates in specifying and developing a tooth-by-tooth hardening process. frequency gears...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... analysis, and surface textures. Fig. 3 Components of an atomic force microscope (AFM) stage. A mechanical structure supports both the force sensor and the xyz piezoelectric scanner. The vertical resolution of an AFM is primarily established by the rigidity of the mechanical structure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...Measured vertical spring constants and natural frequencies of triangular (V-shaped) cantilevers made of plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition Si<sub>3</sub>N<sub>4</sub> Table 1 Measured vertical spring constants and natural frequencies of triangular (V-shaped) cantilevers made of plasma...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... and can be used for either vertical or horizontal applications. Typical scanners are either servo or computer numerically controlled (CNC), which allows for accurate position, speed, power, rotation, and quench control. Scanners allow the part to be heat treated while moving either the induction coil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in either through-transmission or reflectance mode Airport body scanners, space shuttle foam inspection, in situ nondestructive evaluation of concrete rebar, moisture detection in composites, paint thickness Cannot penetrate conductive metals High-quality imaging can be performed at distance. No ionizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... microscopy printer quantization resolution sampling scanners scanning electron microscopy transmission electron microscopy video capture DEVELOPMENTS IN COMPUTER HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE have contributed to major changes in materials characterization in the last decade. Electronic acquisition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... Impedance of a Long Coil Encircling a Thin-Wall Tube An impedance diagram for a long coil encircling a thin-wall nonferromagnetic tube, with reactance values plotted as ordinates (vertical axes) and resistance values plotted as abscissas (horizontal axes), is shown in Fig. 13 . When a tube being...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...) is digital radiography by means of phosphor-coated semiflexible imaging plates and computer processing. The latent image is captured in a phosphor layer on an imaging plate, which is then converted to an image and recorded by a CR scanner. The scanner also resets the plate after recording allowing multiple...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
..., Ltd., in England developed the first commercial XCT system, also known as a computerized assisted tomography scanner ( Ref 6 ). Commercial CT scanners also found increased acceptance with the availability of inexpensive computing power, and industrial testing was considered an appropriate application...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... not be improved. Image analyzers ( Ref 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 ) have progressed considerably since their commercial introduction in 1963. The early systems used conventional television scanners for image detection. These scanners did not provide adequate resolution along and across the scan line; they exhibited...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... in.). (a) 400 kHz air-coupled. (b) 5 MHz water-coupled Fig. 11 A laser ultrasound system is composed of a generation laser, detection laser, interferometer, optical scanner, and computer controller. Fig. 17 Ultrasonic spectroscopy response of well-bonded multilayer composite. FFT, fast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... × 7 in.). (a) 400 kHz air-coupled. (b) 5 MHz water-coupled Fig. 11 A laser ultrasound system is composed of a generation laser, detection laser, interferometer, optical scanner, and computer controller. Fig. 17 Ultrasonic spectroscopy response of well-bonded multilayer composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.9781627081900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... into the objective. For higher magnifications, the source light is often directed vertically through the microscope objective to the sample. Magnification of the sample image is obtained by light refraction through a combination of objective lenses and eyepieces ( Fig. 1 , 2 ). The minimum feature resolution...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of the ultrasonic waveform or from an evaluated feature extracted from either the time or frequency domain. The C-scan is formed by scanning the transducer over the entire surface of the component under inspection using either an x-y scanner or some type of robotic manipulator. Manual scanning is also possible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... attached to the float to provide an opposing force. This has advantages, such as allowing the float to have any orientation with respect to the gravitational field (gravity-based rotameters must always have a vertical orientation) and providing a spring force that is independent of the float mass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Welding Thin Cross Sections , First International Congress on Laser Advanced Materials Processing Conference (LAMP‘87) ( Osaka, Japan ), Laser Processing Society , 1987 , p 211 – 216 42. Khadraw A.F. , Othman A. , and Al-Nimr M.A. , Transient Free Convection in a Vertical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... as the shaft diameter does not change significantly, a single induction coil can be used to harden many different parts with various lengths and shapes. The induction scanners may be vertical- or horizontal-type units. Depending on production volumes, these scanners may be single-station units, two-station...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., and the process must be designed so that there is no overheating or excessive tempering of adjacent, previously hardened materials. Some camshafts also have induction-hardened journals. Figures 5 and 6 show a vertical system for hardening locomotive camshafts ( Ref 1 ). The machine is designed so...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
.... This method is particularly useful for the fabrication of electrical interconnects, and several different variations of the process have been demonstrated. For example, vertical interconnects can be made by successively stacking individual voxels of high-viscosity nanopastes in the same location to create...